A Study of Severity and Perception of Disease’s Severity to Hospital Arrival Time for relatives of Acute Stroke Patient
Keywords:Stroke’s severity, Perception of stroke’s severity, Acute stroke
This research was descriptive study. The objectives of this study were; to study severity and perception of disease’s severity to hospital arrival time and to study association amomg age, educatinal level, income, severity and perception of disease’s severity to hospital arrival time of acute stroke’s relatives and patient. The sample was 88 relatives of stroke patient admitted at Phrachomklao hospital Phetchaburi province since August 2017 to January 2018. The questionnaire consists of 3 parts were 1) demographic data record form, 2) hospital arrival record form, and 3) perception of stroke’s severity assessment. The data analysis was used descriptive statistics, chi-square test and Pearson’s product moment correlation.
The result showed that the sample was male with 52.30 %, averaged age was 66.97±14.42. Stroke’s symptom making a decision to take a patient to a hospital was one side weakness immediately with 47.5%, the most type of stroke in this study was ischemic stroke with 90.91%. The severity of stroke from NIHSS mean score was 6.43 (S.D. = 6.88). Most of patient had minor severity stroke with 65.91%. Time from stroke scene to hospital was 28.90 minute (S.D. = 15.84). The relationship among age educational level, income, and stroke severity with hospital arrival after stroke onset showed no significant different. Only perception of disease’s severity was negative correlation with with hospital arrival time after stroke onset with significant different (β = -.325, p-value = .040) Therefore, to promote rapid stroke treatment and caring, giving knowledge to patients, relatives, and general population regarding symptoms, emergency management of stroke, and studying factors related rt-PA treatment are important to stroke care’s outcomes.
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