Correlation of Food Consumption Behaviors and Nutritional Status with Risk of Dementia in Older People

Main Article Content

Sirirat Chamnongchit
Noppawan Piaseu

Abstract

This descriptive correlational research used secondary data from the community survey project for establishment of the learning and development center for older people health and palliative care of end-stage patients of the Faculty ofMedicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University aimed to 1) describe the risk of dementia and 2) investigate the relationship of food consumption behaviors and nutritional status with risk of dementia in older people. The sample included 396 older people, residing in communities, Prachuap Khiri Khan province. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Spearman rank correlation and Point biserial correlation. Results revealed that 8.8 % of the older people were at risk of dementia. Food consumption behaviors associated withrisk of dementia included adding chili powder in almost foods (rpb = -.172, p =.001) and avoiding foods containing high sugar, fat, and sodium (rpb = -.101,p = .044). Nutritional status associated with risk of dementia included mini nutritional assessment scores (rs = .153, p = .002), body mass index (rs = .112, p = .026) and handgrip strength (rs= .267, p <.001). Results suggest that should provide care for older people to reduce foods containing high sugar, fat, and sodium, control body weight, and enhance muscle strength in order to achieve appropriate nutrition status and decrease risks of dementia among them.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Chamnongchit S, Piaseu N. Correlation of Food Consumption Behaviors and Nutritional Status with Risk of Dementia in Older People. J Royal Thai Army Nurses [Internet]. 2020Aug.30 [cited 2020Oct.26];21(2):192-0. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/JRTAN/article/view/223798
Section
Research Articles

References

1. Prasartkul P. Situation of the Thai Elderly 2016. Bangkok: Foundation of Thai Gerontology Research and Development Institute; 2016. (In Thai)

2. Ekkaplakorn W. (editor). Report of the 5th Thai Health Survey by Physical Exam 2014. Nonthaburi: Institute of Health System Research; 2014. (In Thai)

3. Alzheimer’s Association. 2015 Alzheimer’s disease facts and figures. Alzheimers Dementia. 2015; 11(3): 332-384.

4. Udomlap R. Role of Nurse in Decrease Burden of Caregivers of Older Persons with Dementia. Journal of The Royal Thai Army Nurses. 2019; 20(2): 26-32. (In Thai)

5. Sutthilak C, Urailert A, Chutchawan N, Tapnimit S. “Hidden Patients” Family Caregivers of Elderly People with Dementia. Journal of The Royal Thai Army Nurses. 2019; 20: 40-46. (In Thai)

6. Volkert D, Chourdakis M, Faxen-Irving G, Fruhwald T, Landi F, Suominen M H, Schneider S M. ESPEN guidelines on nutrition in dementia. Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, 2015; 34(6): 1052-1073.

7. Gomez-Gomez ME, Zapico SC. Frailty, Cognitive Decline, Neurodegenerative Diseases and Nutrition Interventions. International journal of molecular sciences, 2019; 20(11): 1 – 18.

8. Arsenault D, Julien C, Chen CT, Bazinet RP, Calon F.Dietary intake of unsaturated fatty acids modulates physiological properties of entorhinal cortex neurons in mice. J Neurochem, 2012; 122(2): 427-443.

9. Dominguez LJ, Barbagallo M. Nutritional prevention of cognitive decline and dementia. Acta Biomed, 2018; 89(2): 276-290.

10. Jerneren F, Cederholm T, Refsum H, Smith AD, Turner C, Palmblad J, et al. Homocysteine Status Modifies the Treatment Effect of Omega - 3 Fatty Acids onCognition in a Randomized Clinical Trial in Mild to Moderate Alzheimer’s Disease: The Omeg AD Study. J Alzheimers Dis, 2019; 69(1): 189-197.

11. Radd-Vagenas S, Duffy SL, Naismith SL, Brew BJ, Flood VM, Fiatarone Singh MA. Effect of the Mediterranean diet on cognition and brain morphology and function: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Am J ClinNutr, 2018; 107(3): 389-404.

12. Sinchaiwanichakul C, Kespichayawattana J. Factors Related to Healthy Aging Among The Older Persons in Community-Dwelling of Bangkok Metropolitan. Journal of The Royal Thai Army Nurses. 2018; 19 (Supplement): 100-109. (In Thai)

13. Remya R, Jenyz M. Nutritional status and cognitive impairment in elderly population in a rural area of Thrissur district, Kerala. Ramachandran R et al. Int J Community Med Public Health, 2018; 5(3): 1218 – 1223.

14. Nuysri M. The Prevention of dementia. Journal of the Police Nurses, 2016; 8: 227-240. (In Thai)

15. Castro-Costa E, Peixoto SV, Firmo JOA, Uchoa E, Lima-Costa MFF. The association between nutritional status and cognitive impairment in brazilian community-dwelling older adults assessed using a range of anthropometric measures - the Bambui study. Dement Neuropsychol, 2013; 7(4): 403-409.

16. Yoon DH, Choi SH, Yu JH, Ha JH, Ryu SH, Park DH. The relationship between visceral adiposity and cognitive performance in older adults. Age Ageing, 2012; 41(4): 456-461.

17. Jaidee S, Sasat S. A Study of frailty in older people resided in the community, Bangkok. Royal Thai Navy Medical Journal, 2017; 44 (3): 117-135. (In Thai)

18. Jang JY, Kim J. Association between handgrip strength and cognitive impairment in elderly Koreans: a population-based cross-sectional study. Journal of physical therapy science, 2015; 27(12): 3911–3915.

19. PrachuapKhiri Khan Provincial Public Health Office. Annual report 2016 [internet]. 2016

20. Jitaphankul S. Principles of geriatric medicine. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University Press; 1998. (In Thai) 21. Santhima T. Manual for the health geriatric screening assessment form for health officials (2nd edition). Ubonratchathani: 7th health center Ubonratchathani; 2011. (In Thai)

22. Institute of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medical Services, Ministry of Public Health. A standard guideline and operations of quality elderly clinics. Bangkok: The Agricultural Co-operative Federation of Thailand., LTD; 2013. (In Thai)

23. Nestle Nutrition Institute. Mini Nutrition Assessment [internet]. 2006

24. Mc Carty MF, DiNicolantonio JJ, O’Keefe JH. Capsaicin may have important potential for promoting vascular and metabolic health. Open heart, 2015; 2(1): 1 – 7.

25. Xu W, Liu J, Ma D, Yuan G, Lu Y,Yang Y. Capsaicin reduces Alzheimer-associated tau changes in the hippocampus of type 2 diabetes rats. PLoS One, 2017; 12(2): 1 – 14.

26. Shi Z, El-Obeid T, Riley M, Li M, Page A, Liu J.High Chili Intake and Cognitive Function among 4582 Adults: An Open Cohort Study over 15 Years. Nutrients, 2019; 11(5): 1 – 13.

27. Xiu S, Liao Q, Sun L, Chan P. Risk factors for cognitive impairment in older people with diabetes: a community-based study. Ther Adv Endocrinol Metab, 2019; 10: 1 – 12.

28. Chalermasri C, Muangphaisan W. Nursing evaluation in elderly patients with high risk of malnutrition. In: Muangphaisan W, editor. Nutrition management in the elderly. Bangkok: Thai Society of Gerontology and Geriatrics Medicine; 2014. P. 10-24. (In thai)

29. Odia OJ, Ofori S, Maduka O. Palm oil and the heart: A review. World journal of cardiology, 2015; 7(3): 144–149.

30. Malara A, Sgrò G, Caruso C, Ceravolo F, Curinga G, Renda G F, Rispoli V, et al. Relationship between cognitive impairment and nutritional assessment on functional status in Calabrian long-term-care. Clinical interventions in aging, 2014; 9: 105–110.

31. Kim G, Cho, S, Lyu J. Body mass index and trajectories of cognitive decline among older Korean adults. Aging Ment Health, 2019; 7: 1-7.

32. Adav SS, Sze SK. Insight of brain degenerative protein modifications in the pathology of neurodegeneration and dementia by proteomic profiling. Molecular brain, 2016; 9(1): 1 – 22.