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The purpose of this quasi-experimental research using a two-group pretest-posttest design aimed at examining the effects of an intrinsic motivation program on the stress management skills of first- and second-year nursing students during 2017. The sample consisted of 70 nursing students, recruited using the inclusion criteria. They were randomly assigned to the control and experimental groups, with 35 subjects in each group. The experimental group participated in the intrinsic motivation program developed by the researcher based on the self-determination theory and experiential activities planner (EAP) learning process. Their activities comprised 8 sessions, once a week for 8 weeks. The control group received routine study activities. The research instruments were the following: 1) a personal data questionnaire; 2) the intrinsic motivation program, which was validated for content by 3 experts; 3) and a stress management skills scale for nursing students. The reliability of these questionnaires was determined with a Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of .88. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, dependent t-test, and independent t-test. The results of the study were as follows.
1) After participating in the intrinsic motivation program, the mean scores for the students’ stress management skills (M = 64.11, SD = 10.86) were greater than their mean scores on their pretest (M = 51.34, SD = 12.36) at a statistical significance (t = 7.16, p<.001).
2) The mean difference between pretest and posttest stress management skills mean scores of the experimental group ( = 12.77, SD = 12.60) were significantly greater than those of the control group ( = .23, SD = 1.22) (t = 7.23, p < .001).
The results of the study can be used as a guideline for the intrinsic motivation of nursing students and students in other fields of first year of education for preparation and development of stress-management skills in the further.
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The ideas and opinions expressed in the Journal of The Royal Thai Army Nurses are those of the authors and not necessarily those
of the editor or Royal Thai Army Nurses Association.
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