The Relationships Between Patient’s Health Status, Mutuality, Preparedness, and Caregiver Role Strain in Caregivers of Older Persons with Advanced Cancer Receiving Palliative Care
Keywords:Health status, Mutuality, Preparedness, Caregiver role strain, Caregivers of older persons with advanced cancer
This study aimed to explore the relationships between patient’s health status, mutuality, preparedness, and caregiver role strain in caregivers of older persons with advanced cancer receiving palliative care. The Family Care Model of Archbold & Stewart was selected as the conceptual framework. The sample composed of 78 family caregivers for older persons with advanced cancer receiving palliative care. Data were collected by completing Family Care Inventory questionnaires. The data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistics and correlation analysis using Spearman’s correlation.
The research findings revealed that the older persons with advanced cancer receiving palliative care had stable health status, the PPS scale ranged from 70 - 90 (47.4 %), mutuality was at an average level (Mean = 38.87, S.D. = 7.64), preparedness was rather high (Mean = 18.15, S.D. = 3.50), and caregiver role strain including direct care, communication problems, and global strain was rather low, but had a rather high level of caregiver role strain due to role conflict. Patient’s health status was found to be negatively related to caregiver role strain from communication problems with statistical significance (r = -.423, p < .05), but patient’s health status was not related to caregiver role strain from direct care, role conflict, and global strain. Finally, both mutuality and preparedness were not related to caregiver role strain in caregivers. The study findings could be utilized to assess patient’s health status for care planning and for providing information to patients and families which could help reduce caregiver role strain due to communication ploblems.
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