A cross-sectional study of the knowledge about the impact of food practices on breast cancer and lifestyle in female breast cancer patients in a tertiary hospital, Bangkok, Thailand
Keywords:breast cancer, diet, lifestyle
Background: Breast cancer is the most prevalent form of cancer among women in Thailand and worldwide. Although lifestyle is a significant risk factor for breast cancer, much of the attention in breast cancer prevention focuses on early detection and very little on lifestyle. This study was conducted to examine the knowledge and lifestyle of female breast cancer patients in a tertiary hospital.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital (KCMH) between July to August, 2019. Using a questionnaire that had four parts, including the demographic data, clinical characteristics, medical history of family members, lifestyle practice of the patients and their knowledge score, were distributed to 250 adult female breast cancer patients in the outpatient department of KCMH.
Result: The mean knowledge score on the risk factors involving breast cancer was 11.14 out of 20, (standard deviation 3.38). Most participants had underlying diet-related diseases, which included hypertension (20.9%), dyslipidemia (18.1%), and diabetes (8.7%). The paticipants had family members with a medical history of diseases which included cancer (28.0%), diabetes (26.3%), hypertension (16.8%), and cardiovascular disease (9.1%).
Conclusion: The study revealed that the patients were not making the best choices to achieve a healthy lifestyle on preventing and managing breast cancer. Awareness, preventive measures, and lifestyle intervention need to be considered in dealing with this problem.
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