Comparative Study of Perceived Parenting Styles between Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Physically Ill Children in Outpatient Department at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital.

Main Article Content

Boonmanee Kongkaew
Nuttorn Pityaratstian
Napakkawat Buathong

Abstract

Objective : This study aimed to compare perceived parenting styles between children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and physically ill children in outpatient department at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital.


Method : The comparative study was conducted in child and adolescent psychiatry outpatient department and pediatric outpatient department at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital. The subjects were 204 children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and physical illnesses. Questionnaires including parent information, SNAP-IV Rating Scale Thai version, sick child information, parenting styles, and medical treatment records were used.


Result : Caring parenting styles were 89.4% and 86.8% in the comparative group and the study group, respectively. There was no difference of perceived parenting styles between the groups. The result of association between perceived parenting style scores, ADHD scores, impulsive scores and stubborn scores in the study group showed a statistically positive association between supervisory parenting and stubborn behavior (P=0.012).


Conclusion : There was no association between attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder and parenting styles in this study. The study result may be beneficial to parents in adjustment of stubborn child raising and further studies of association between parenting styles and child behaviors.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Kongkaew บ., Pityaratstian ณ., & Buathong ณ. (2021). Comparative Study of Perceived Parenting Styles between Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Physically Ill Children in Outpatient Department at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital. Journal of the Psychiatric Association of Thailand, 66(4), 393–402. Retrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/JPAT/article/view/102323
Section
Original Articles

References

Isaranurak S, Sutthisukon P. Parenting. Journal of Public Health and Development 2007;5(1): 105-18.

Jittayasothorn D. Parenting styles: concepts by Diana Baumrind. Academic journal of the Thai chamber of commerce 2009; 29(4): 173-87.

Kitithadseranee S, Sonthirat S, Surinya T. Relationship between parenting styles and depression of 4th level student in Nonthaburi education service area office zone I. [Bachelor of Science]. Bangkok: Kasetsart University; 2008.

Preuksananon J. Positive parenting and communication. In: Rosawan Areemit, editor. Adolescent medicine text book. Nonthaburee; Phabpim limited partnership; 2016.

Williams KE, Ciarrochi J, and Heaven PC. Inflexible parents, inflexible kids: a 6-year longitudinal study of parenting style and the development of psychological flexibility in adolescents. J Youth Adolesc 2012; 41(8):1053-66.

Sanford MD, Philip LR, Leiderman PH, Donald FR, Fraleigh MJ. The relation of parenting style to adolescent school performance. Child Development, 1987, 58, 1244-1.

Baumrind, D. 1971. “Current Patterns of Parental Authority.” Developmental Psychology Monongraphs 4: 1-103. 1980. “New Directions in Socialization Research.” American Psychologist 1980, 35: 639-652.

Maccoby EE, Martin J. Socialization in the context of family: parent-child interaction. In: Mussen, PH, editor. Handbook of child psychology. Vol. 4. NY: Wiley; 1983: 1-101.

Darling N, Steinberg L. Parenting style as context: an integrative model. Psychological Bulletin 1993; 113(3): 487-96.

Healey DM, Flory JD, Miller CJ, Halperin MJ. Maternal positive parenting style is associated with better functioning in hyperactive/ inattentive preschool children. Infant and Child Development 2011;20(2):148-61.

Phonnoppadon C. Attention Deficit/Hyperactive Disorder. In: Piyasilp W, Katmarn P, editor. Child and adolescent psychiatry text book of Child and adolescent psychiatrist club. Bangkok: Beyond enterprise printing; 2002: 210-13.

Johnston C, Mash EJ. Families of children with attentiondeficit/hyperactivity disorder: review and recommendations for future research. Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2001; 4: 183-207.

Theule J, Wiener J, Tannock R, Jenkins JM. Parenting stress in families of children with ADHD: a meta-analysis. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders 2013; 21(1): 3-17.

Wiener J, Biondic D, Grimbos T, Herbert M. Parenting stress of parents of adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. J Abnorm Child Psychol 2016; 44: 561-74.

Hutchison L, Feder M, Abar B, Winsler A. Relations between parenting stress, parenting style, and child executive functioning for children with ADHD or autism. Journal of Child and Family Studies 2016; 25(12): 3644-656.

Podolski C, Nigg JT. Parent stress and coping in relation to child ADHD severity and associated child disruptive behavior problems. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology 2001; 30(4): 503-13.

McKee TE, Harvey E, Danforth JS, Ulaszek WR, Friedman JL. The relation between parental coping styles and parent-child interactions before and after treatment for children with ADHD and oppositional disorder. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2004; 33: 158-68.

Bhide S, Sciberras E, Anderson V, Hazell P, Nicholson JM. Association between parenting style and socio-emotional and academic functioning in children with and without ADHD: a community-based study. J Atten Disord 2019; 23(5): 463-74.

Cunningham CE. A family centered approach to planning and measuring the outcome of interventions for children with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder. J Pediatr Psychol 2007;32:676-94.

Wongkongdej W. Attitude to seeking help and self control learning of high school children that different in parenting styles. [master of Arts thesis] Bangkok: Chulalongkorn university; 2004.

Pityaratstian N, Booranasuksakul T, Juengsiragulwit D, Bentakorn S. ADHD Screening Properties of the Thai Version of Swanson, Nolan, and Pelham IV Scale (SNAP-IV) and strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Journal of Psychiatric Association of Thailand 2014; 59: 97-110. Thai

Thapar A. Rutter’s child and adolescent psychiatry. 6th ed. Arlington : Wiley-Blackwell; 2017.

Kotjarus S, Yongkittikul C. Relationship between parenting styles and behavior of Thai adolescent. Proceeding of the East-West psychological Science Research Center, 2002: 47-60.

Moghaddam MF, Assareh M, Heidaripoor AH, Rad RE, Pishjoo M. The study comparing parenting styles of children with ADHD and normal children. Archives of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy 2013; 4: 45-9.

Nimmannorawong P. Childhood in world history. Humanities journal. Bangkok: Kaset¬sart university. 2015; 22(1): 310-26.