Update Knowledge in Breastfeeding and Its Applicability in Thailand
Keywords:breastfeeding, benefit of breastfeeding, nutrition in lactation, breastfeeding promotion
Increasing evidence regarding the benefits of breastfeeding on both short- and long-term maternal and infant’s health. This review provides an update knowledge on breastfeeding that is potentially applicable in Thailand. Breastfeeding is beyond just a means to provide an appropriate food for infants. Recent evidence showed the relationship between breastfeeding and gut microbiota, which is essential for the immunological system, among breastfed infants. Health and nutrition status of lactating women is crucial for quality of breast milk and success in breastfeeding. Several studies and recommendations support the need for improving dietary intakes and supplementation for lactating women, such as, polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) and vitamin D. However, further studies may be needed to verify the necessity, compliance to and suitability to implement in the Thai context, before recommending as part of the promotion and protection of breastfeeding in Thailand.
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