Development of the Integrated Nutrition Learning Tools for Thai Primary School Children
Keywords:Childhood obesity, Nutrition education, Integrated learning, Childhood obesity, Nutrition education, Integrated learning
The prevalence of childhood obesity is increasing over time in Thailand. Nutrition education is one important nutrition strategy aimed at childhood obesity prevention. This research study was aimed to develop the integrated nutrition learning tools that teachers can adopt to provide nutrition knowledge for primary school students (grade 1-3). The research process was to develop and validate nutrition learning tool. The nutrition content, which consisted of curriculum and lesson plan, computer-assisted instruction (CAI), worksheet and teaching guideline manual, were developed using principle of STEM Education. The curriculum was divided into 3 modules which were integrated into 3 subjects: Health Education, Mathematics, and English. Nutrition contents in Module 1 contained food-based dietary guidelines, nutrition flag, and five food groups. Module 2 was about eating less sweet, fat, and salt. The contents in Module 3 covered nutrition labelling, Guideline Daily Amount (GDA), and healthier choice logo. Each module covered 4 weeks. One lesson took 15 minutes per week for each subject. The nutrition tool was designed based on Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) instructional design model as learning process cooperates with different learning approaches. The content validity index (CVI) of tools and questionnaires, which included nutrition knowledge, attitude and food consumption behaviors of children, was calculated. Results showed that the CVI value of nutrition tools was 0.98, and that of questionnaires was 0.97 which were acceptable. Future studies are needed to evaluate the outcomes of nutrition literacy as well as the change in food consumption behaviors among primary school children implemented by this nutrition tool.
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