Health literacy and disease and hazard prevention behaviors of Thai people

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Prawech Chumkesornkolkit
Niranta Chaiyapan
Sujittra Boonkra
Chakkrit Ponrachom


Background: The Disease Control Department of the Ministry of Public Health has prioritized health literacy as a cognitive and social skill that enables people to develop behaviors to avoid diseases and health hazard.

Objectives: To investigate the level of health literacy, disease and health hazard prevention behaviors, and the relationship between health literacy and disease and health hazard prevention behaviors of the Thai population in 2020.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 5,202 Thai people aged 18 years and older using a multi-stage random sampling technique. The research instruments consisted of a health literacy questionnaire, and a disease and health hazard prevention behavior questionnaire. The reliability coefficients of the two questionnaires were .85 and .85, respectively. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the Pearson’s correlation coefficient.

Results: Most Thais people had a moderate level of overall health literacy and a good level of overall disease and health hazard prevention behaviors. Health literacy was positively correlated with disease and health hazard prevention behaviors at a moderate level with statistical significance at the .05 level.

Conclusions: The overall health literacy of the majority of the Thai population remained at a moderate level. In particular, health literacy was abundant in the area of ​​questioning skills with a low level of literacy. Therefore, it is important to prioritize the development of questioning skills for raising the level of health literacy which will lead to an improvement of disease and health hazard prevention behaviors.


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Chumkesornkolkit ป. ., Chaiyapan น. ., Boonkra ส. ., & Ponrachom จ. (2021). Health literacy and disease and hazard prevention behaviors of Thai people. JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCE RESEARCH, 15(3), 25–36. Retrieved from
นิพนธ์ต้นฉบับ (Original Articles)


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