Main Article Content
Background: Dyspnea is a common symptom in patients with heart failure. Appropriate management congruent with age self-care, and social support could help patients manage dyspnea.
Objective: This study aimed to examine the factors associated with dyspnea in patients with heart failure.
Methods: The sample included 122 patients with heart failure who met the inclusion criteria from three tertiary care hospitals. Data were collected using a demographic questionnaire, illness perception questionnaire, attitudes control questionnaire, social support questionnaire, self-care questionnaire, and dyspnea questionnaire. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficients of the related variables were .70, .81, .82, .79, and .96 respectively. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson’s product moment correlation coefficient.
Results: The results showed that the participants were male (66.4%)-and their average age were 52.25 years (SD=6.29). The mean score of dyspnea was at a low level (M=19.49; SD=23.88). Illness perception was positively statistically significant related to dyspnea in patients with heart failure (r = .336), while perceived control was negatively statistically significant related to dyspnea in patients with heart failure (r = -.291). Age, social support, and self-care were not significantly related to dyspnea in patients with heart failure (r = .067, -.070, and -.031, p<.05) respectively.
Conclusions: Health care team should consider patients’ illness perception and perceived control when developing effective interventions for patients with heart failure. This will help patients reduce dyspnea.
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