Main Article Content
Background: Smoking cessation behavior modification can help patients with schizophrenia live a normal life by reducing smoking-related morbidity and disease relapse.
Objectives: This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of a behavior modification program combined with family participation on the smoking behavior of nicotine-dependent patients with schizophrenia.
Methods: This quasi-experimental study with a pretest-posttest control group design involved nicotine-dependent patients with schizophrenia in a community hospital, who were randomly enrolled without replacement. The experimental group consisted of 30 participants, while the control group consisted of 30 participants. The research instruments included a smoking behavior change program along with family member participation, the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence, a self-efficacy questionnaire, and a smoking behavior questionnaire. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and a t-test.
Results: Nicotine dependence in the experimental group was significantly lower (p< .05) after participation in the program than before. In addition, after participating in the program, participants' intentions to quit smoking were significantly higher (p<.05) than before the program.
Conclusion: The program could help nicotine-dependent patients with schizophrenia to reduce and quit smoking.
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