The effect of a perceived self-efficacy promotion program on breastfeeding behaviors among adolescent first-time mothers

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Sumalee Thongsaunsom
Natthapat Buaboon


Background: Most pregnant teenagers are at increased risk of breastfeeding problems due to a lack of knowledge, experience, and confidence in breastfeeding ability.    

Objectives: The objective of this study was to examine the effects of a perceived self-efficacy promotion program on the breastfeeding behaviors of adolescent mothers with their first child.

Methods: This quasi-experimental research study involved 50 adolescent first-time mothers who received antenatal care and delivered it at a hospital in the central region. The sample was  selected according to the inclusion criteria. Participants were randomly assigned to either the control group (n = 25) or the experimental group (n = 25) to receive the perceived self-efficacy promotion program. Data was collected using a perceived breastfeeding self-efficacy questionnaire with a Content Validity Index of 1.0 and a Cronbach's alpha coefficient of. 91. Descriptive statistics and a T-test were used to examine them.

Results: The study found that the experimental group's mean score of breastfeeding behavior after participating in the perceived self-efficacy promoting program was statistically significantly higher than that of the control group before receiving the program (p < 05). When the mean scores of breastfeeding behavior before and after participation in the program were compared, it was discovered that the experimental group had a higher mean score of behaviors than the control group, with a statistically significant difference (p < 05).

Conclusions: Perceived self-efficacy promotion programs can help adolescent mothers develop appropriate breastfeeding behavior.


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Thongsaunsom ส. ., & Buaboon ณ. (2021). The effect of a perceived self-efficacy promotion program on breastfeeding behaviors among adolescent first-time mothers. JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCE RESEARCH, 15(3), 1–12. Retrieved from
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