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This pretest-posttest quasi-experimental research aimed to investigate the effects of a head louse control participation program on knowledge regarding louse control and louse symptoms. The samples consisted of 18 senior primary female students with head louse. The research instruments included a control the head louse program, a questionnaire of demographic data, a test of knowledge regarding louse control with the reliability (KR-20) of .71, and an assessment form of louse symptoms with the index of item-objective congruence of 1.00. The implementation and data collection were conducted from May to July 2018. Statistics used for data analysis included frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, paired t-test, and Wilcoxon signed-rank test.
The research results revealed that: 1) after attending the program, the students had statistically significant higher mean score of knowledge regarding louse control than before (t = 4.77, p < .001), and 2) after attending the program, the students had no statistically significant difference mean score of louse symptoms.
This research suggests that health care providers and teachers should apply these findings as an educating guideline for young students with head louses. Additionally, nursing instructors should use these research results to teach their nursing students in order to care for children with the head louse.
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