Selected Factors Related to Depression of Prisoners with Methamphetamine Dependence

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Waraporn Kantiya
Penpaktr Uthis

Abstract

Purpose: to examine the depression and relationships between selected factors with the depression of prisoners.


Design: Descriptive correlation research.


Methods: A total sample of men and women was 165 prisoners. The population aged between 18-59 years old in upper north district prison. Stratified random sampling was used Research instruments consist of demographic data sheet, The Coping Scale, The Self-Esteem Scale, The Self-Stigma Scale, The Social Support Scale, and The Depression Scale BDI-IA. All instruments were validated for content validity by 5 experts and tested for reliability. The Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient were .82, .87, .86, .82, .83 and .91, respectively. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and correlated statistics including Chi-square, Point biserial, and Pearson’s Product Moment.


Findings: 1) The majority of prisoners with methamphetamine dependence had moderate depression (33.9%), 2) Coping by problem-solving with self-efficacy, using other support resources, and avoiding coping were associated with depression among prisoners (c2= 94.23; p<.05), 3) Period of punishment and self-stigmatization was positively associated with depression among prisoners (r = .446 and .340; p<.05, respectively), 4) Age, self-esteem, and social support had a negative correlation with depression among prisoners with methamphetamine dependence (r = -.292, -.404, and -.396; p<.05, respectively). Gender, History of Illness, and history of alcohol consumption were not significantly correlated to depression among this population.


Conclusion: This finding factor can cause of depression. Nurses can use screening for depression prisoners with amphetamine dependence in order that can provide proper health and care continually.

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Research articles