The Effect of Nursing Program Focusing Pain Reduction on Fear of Intravenous Catheterization among Preschoolers

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Krongkaew Subprasert
Waraporn Chaiyawat
Suwimon Rojnawee

Abstract

Purpose: To study the effect of the nursing programs focusing pain reduction on fear of intravenous catheterization among preschoolers.


Design: Quasi-experimental research


Methods: The Samples consisted of 60 preschoolers who received intravenous catheterization and were admitted to Ratchaburi hospital. There were assigned to experimental and control groups by random assignment and matched pair technique using age and previous catheterization experience. Preschoolers in the control group received conventional fear reduction nursing care, while those in the experiment group were prepared by a nursing program focusing pain reduction. Data were collected by preschoolers’ fear of intravenous catheterization observation scale. Its content validity was established by 5 experts and the content validity index (CVI) was .98. Its interrater reliability coefficient was .94. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and the independent t-test.


Result: It was found that fear of intravenous catheterization preschoolers receiving nursing programs focusing on pain reduction was significantly lower than fear of nursing at a statistical level of .05.


Conclusion: ผลการศึกษานี้แสดงให้เห็นว่าโปรแกรมการพยาบาลเน้นการลดความเจ็บปวดสามารถลดความกลัวการใส่สายสวนทางหลอดเลือดดำของเด็กวัยก่อนเรียนได้

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Research articles