Systematic Review on Nursing Interventions for Caring Pregnant Women After Perinatal Loss

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Wanna Phahuwatanakorn
Wimolnun Putdivarnichapong

Abstract

Objective: To synthesize knowledge of nursing methods to care for pregnant women who have lost a baby in the perinatal period.


Design: A systematic review using the PICO framework.


Method of research: Population is a research and academic document that has been published both in Thailand and abroad, which focuses on nursing methods for women who have lost children in the first trimester and after the womb.  The research instruments were divided into documents used as a sample group, documents for evaluating the quality of the research, and the data recording form from the research.  Data were collected by searching for documents that meet the selection criteria. Qualitative data was analyzed by using content analysis.


Results: Nursing methods to care for pregnant women who have lost a baby in the perinatal period comprise 4 themes: preparation, support, caring, and counseling. For the support, there are information support, and emotional support. For the caring, there are the methods of caring for pregnant women who have lost a baby at gestational age less than 20 weeks, more than 20 weeks, and their families.


Conclusion: Nurses and midwives who care pregnant women after the loss of the baby in the perinatal period should be prepared knowledge, emotional support, and trained counseling skill to help pregnant women after the loss of the baby in the perinatal period.

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Academic articles