The Factors Related to HIV Prevention Behavior among Myanmarese Youth Migrant Workers

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Ekkalak Faksook
Pregamol Rutchanagul
Wanalada Thongbai

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate factors related to HIV preventive behaviors among Myanmarese youth migrant workers.


Design: descriptive correlation research study


Method: The sampling consisted of 120 young Myanmar migrant workers Visited to the hospital under the Department of Medical Services, Bangkok area between October and November 2018. Data were collected using a set of questionnaires. The questionnaires included questionnaires about personal information, knowledge, attitude toward HIV infection, perceived susceptibility to HIV infection, self-efficacy for HIV prevention and HIV prevention behavior. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Correlations were identified using the Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient, and the point biserial correlation coefficient.


Finding: The results revealed that knowledge of HIV prevention (r=0.45), attitude toward HIV prevention (r = 0.53), perceived susceptibility to HIV (r=0.55), and self-efficacy for HIV prevention (r=0.43) were positively and significantly related to HIV prevention behavior (p<.05) among Myanmar youth migrant workers in Bangkok, Thailand. The results further revealed that the non-correlation factors for HIV prevention behaviors were sex, marital status, and education level.


Conclusion: The findings of this study can be used in planning and organizing projects to increase the recognition of perceived susceptibility to HIV, perceived self-efficacy for HIV prevention, attitude toward HIV prevention, and increased knowledge of HIV prevention in Bangkok, Thailand.

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Research articles