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This study was a one-group pretest-posttest designed to study the effect of a coaching program of basic life support on knowledge, attitudes, and skills in high school students, who were studying in the 4th year of the high schools in Muang District, Phitsanulok Province. Two hundreds and seventy-eight 278 subjects were purposively selected. The experimental tools were a basic life support teaching program, a basic life support manual, videos, slides, a Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) training manikin, and Automated External Defibrillator (AED). Data collection tools were a before-after class knowledge test, an attitude questionnaire, and a basic life support skill test. The knowledge test was approved by qualified experts with a CVI of 1.00. and Cronbach’s alpha coefficients of 1.00. The CVI of CPR skills assessment was .80 and the interrater reliability was .89. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, range, mean, standard deviation, paired t-test, and McNemar test.
The results of the study showed that 1) the mean knowledge score of the subjects after receiving the coaching program was significantly higher than before receiving the intervention (p = .000), 2) the mean attitude score of the subjects after receiving the coaching program was significantly higher than before receiving the intervention (p = .005), and 3) the skill assessment statistically showed significantly better skills of the subjects after receiving the coaching program (p = .000). The results suggested that this program should be integrated into the secondary school curriculum; therefore, students will have better knowledge, a more positive attitude, and be able to practice the correct basic CPR, which will give them the courage to take a basic life-saving action in the real situation.
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