The A DEVELOPMENT OF THE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT IN NURSING SIMULATION LABORATORY SCALE
Keywords:educational environment, nursing simulation laboratory scale, scale development
This descriptive research aimed to develop and validate an educational environment measurement for practicing nursing simulation laboratory. The total sample was 255 students, the 3rd and 4th year of nursing students from Ramathibodi School of Nursing. The research instrument was the educational environment measurement with 5-scale rating. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, Cronbach's alpha coefficient, exploratory factor analysis (EFA), and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA).
Findings demonstrated that the educational environment measurement consisted of five components: 1) perceptions of learning, 2) perceptions of teachers, 3) academic self-perceptions, 4) perceptions of atmosphere, and 5) social self-perceptions. The measurement contained 23 items with a content validity index ranging from .83 to 1.0. For reliability testing, each component’s reliability coefficient ranged from .70 to .87, with an overall reliability coefficient of .88. For construct validity testing, the exploratory factor analysis exhibited five components with the Eigen values greater than 1.0. The measurement explained 63.91% of the total variances for the educational environment in the nursing simulation laboratory. Additionally, the construct validity tested by confirmatory factor analysis revealed an empirical data confirming the use of the educational environment measurement to correctly evaluate an educational environment in nursing simulation laboratory (chi-square (df = 4, N=255) = 6.064, p = .1944, CFI = .996, TLI = .991, RMSEA = .045, SRMR = .012).
This study suggests that the developed instrument educational environment measurement is reliable and valid for assessing the teaching and learning environment in a nursing simulation laboratory.
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