The Comparative Study of Kidney Stone Formation-Risk Factors and Warning Signs and Predictive Risk Factors Relating Kidney Stones between Patients with Kidney Stones and the Comparison Group

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Sunthara Liangchawengwong


This predictive research aimed to compare the kidney stone formation-risk factors and warning signs of kidney stones, and to compare the predictive risk factors relating kidney stones between patients with kidney stones and the comparision group. The samples were 500 patients with kidney stones who were treated at outpatient clinics in Udon Thani Hospital, Nakhon Phanom Hospital, Sakon Nakhon Hospital, and Thabo Crown Prince Hospital, Nong Khai Province. The comparison group consisted of 400 students of Thammasat University. The research instruments included the demographic and health status questionnaire, the clinical manifestations about kidney stone warning signs questionnaire with the reliability of .89, the information receiving on kidney stones questionnaire with the reliability of .85, and the kidney stone formation-risk factors assessment form with the reliability of .81. Data were collected from July to December, 2016. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, Chi-square test, Mantel-Jaenzel Chi-square test, binary logistic regression analysis, odds ratio, and relative risk.

The research results revealed that the risk factors that had statistically significant different between the patients with kidney stones and the comparision group were eating behaviors factors (p < .001), warning signs of kidney stones (p < .05), and information receiving on kidney stones (p < .001). The predictive factors of kidney stones were: occupation that had vigorious exercise (70.97 times), warning signs of kidney stones (44.44 times), risk behavior of exercise and physical activity (7.79 times), males (2.50 times), those with obesity (0.28 times), having chronic disease (0.04 times), and education level (0.01 times), with 96.80% correct prediction of kidney stones.

This research suggests that health care providers who care for risk group or patients with kidney stones should use these research results as a guideline to prevent the occurrence of kidney stones in the risk group, and prevent renal stones recurrence in patients with kidney stones.


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Liangchawengwong, S. (2020). The Comparative Study of Kidney Stone Formation-Risk Factors and Warning Signs and Predictive Risk Factors Relating Kidney Stones between Patients with Kidney Stones and the Comparison Group. JOURNAL OF PHRAPOKKLAO NURSING COLLEGE, 31(2), 138–157. Retrieved from
Research Report (รายงานการวิจัย)


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