Measurement Model of the Thai Version of Pain Catastrophizing Scale

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Yosapon Leaungsomnapa
Nusara Prasertsri
Chuanchom Peaschpunpisal
Lalita Dechavoot
Pimrat Tokun


This cross-sectional descriptive research aimed to examine the measurement model of the Thai version of pain catastrophizing scale. The samples were 500 patients with acute and chronic pain who were treated at Prapokklao Hospital, Chanthaburi Province. The research instruments consisted of the demographic questionnaire and the Thai version of pain catastrophizing scale with the reliability of .87. Data were collected from July to December, 2019. Statistics used for data analysis included frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, and confirmatory factor analysis.

The research results revealed that the model of the Thai version of pain catastrophizing scale had good of fit with empirical data (relative χ2 = 88.73, df = 40, χ2/df = 2.22, p < .001, root mean square error of approximation [RMSEA] = .048, normed fit index [NFI] = .99, and comparative fit index [CFI] = 1). There were three subscales of pain catastrophizing scale including 1) rumination, 2) magnification, and 3) helplessness, three subscales had standardized loading factor ranged from .60 to .97, construct reliability (Rho C) ranged from .78 to .91, and average variance extracted (Rho V) ranged from .54 to .67. This research has illustrated satisfactory psychometric properties of the Thai version of pain catastrophizing scale. We provide evidence for the convergent validity, construct reliability, and construct validity as an instrument for measuring pain catastrophizing in Thai patient with acute and chronic pain.

This research suggests that health professionals should assess patients’ pain catastrophizing to identify vulnerable individuals with severe pain intensity who may be candidates for early and timely intervention efforts to enhance adjustment to pain.


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