The Effect of Montessori-based Activities Program on Depression among Older Persons in Social Welfare Development Center for Older Persons

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จิณวัตร จันครา
จิราพร เกศพิชญวัฒนา, Ph.D.

Abstract

This experimental research aimed to determine the effect of Montessori-based activities program on depression among older persons at a social welfare development center for older persons. The samples consisted of 40 older persons with mild to moderate depression. An experimental group (n = 20) received Montessori-based activity program from August to November 2014; whereas, the control group (n = 20) received routine service. The samples were pair-matched by sex, age, and the depression level. The Montessori-based activity program based on Montessori-based (Montessori, 2011) was developed. The Thai Geriatric Depression Scale with Cronbach’s alpha reliability of .93 was used for data collection. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, paired t-test, and independent t-test.


The results of this study revealed that 1) for the experimental group, after the experiment, a mean score of depression was statistically significantly lower than that before the experiment (t = 14.233, p < .001); and 2) after the experiment, a mean score of depression of the experimental group was statistically significantly lower than that of the control group (t = 7.830, p < .001).


This study suggests that health care providers should apply this program to reduce depression in the older persons and help them conceive health as normal.

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How to Cite
จันครา จ., & เกศพิชญวัฒนา จ. (2018). The Effect of Montessori-based Activities Program on Depression among Older Persons in Social Welfare Development Center for Older Persons. JOURNAL OF PHRAPOKKLAO NURSING COLLEGE, 27(1), 39–50. Retrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/pnc/article/view/117135
Section
Research Report (รายงานการวิจัย)