Factors Related to Preventive Behaviors towards Coronavirus 2019 among Older Adults in Nonthaburi Province
This Analytic Cross-sectional Study aimed to the factors related to preventive behaviors and predictive factors towards coronavirus 2019 among older adults in Nonthaburi province Thailand based on the PRECEDE – PROCEED model. The sample consisted of 188 older adults, age over 60 years old. The data were collected by using the interview form developed by the researcher. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, Pearson’s correlation coefficient statistics, and multiple regression statistics by the stepwise method.
The study found that underlying disease; hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, attitude towards prevention of coronavirus 2019 behavior, and perceived of coronavirus 2019 severity, prevention of coronavirus 2019 resources and access to health services for the prevention of coronavirus 2019, receiving information from various media, family support, friend support, and public healthcare provider and village health volunteer support was found to have a positive correlation with coronavirus 2019 preventive behavior among older adults in Nonthaburi Province, Thailand (p-value < 0.05). It was also found that diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, access to health services for the prevention of coronavirus 2019, family support and friend support could together predict the preventive behaviors towards coronavirus 2019 among older adults in Nonthaburi province, Thailand 21.7% (p-value < 0.05). These findings can be used promote the policy of family participation in taking care older adults. Supporting the non-communicable diseases clinic create activities to advice or provide knowledge about coronavirus 2019 prevention and emphasize appropriate health services access for older adults. if there is a chronic disease, it is necessary to create health literacy in disease prevention.
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