Effects of cannabis use in pregnant women
Keywords:Cannabis, Pregnant women
With the announcement of the Ministry of Public Health on the use of marijuana for medical and research purposes in 2019 and 2021, research has come out to support the medical benefits of cannabis extracts. Netherlands, New Zealand, and USA have amended the laws to open up opportunities and allow people to use it. Marijuana is mostly used for relaxation, reduce anxiety, nausea and vomiting, relieve pain, and resolve insomnia. Research shows that the use of cannabis has an impact on pregnancy and women of reproductive age. It has an effect to the fetus in short/long term, increased risk of admission to neonatal intensive care and perinatal mortality. It is also found that children born to mothers who used marijuana during pregnancy were at risk of developing cardiovascular diseases, affecting the immune system and brain development. From a review of the literature, the use of cannabis, its extracts and products should be avoided by pregnant women and women of child bearing age. Since there is little research on medical cannabis for quality and quantity to conclusively determine pros and cons of its uses in pregnant women. We have to wait till there is a comprehensive study and research on cannabis.
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