Effect of Health-promoting program on self-care behaviors of diabetic patients
Keywords:Self-care, Diabetes Mellitus, Health-promoting behaviors
Diabetes mellitus is a crucial chronic disease that leads to complications in patients with uncontrolled glucose levels. This quasi-experiment study with a one-group Pre-Posttest research design aimed to evaluate a health-promoting self-care management program of diabetic patients. A sample of 30 diabetic patients participated in this study, receiving a health-promoting program for 12 weeks. Methods included a visual slide display, group discussion, a training demonstration, a good model presentation, and a self-caring handbook. Research instruments included the health-promoting program and self-care behavior and knowledge questionnaires. The content validity index of the questionnaires was 0.92, and reliability .81 and .83, respectively. Data were reported by descriptive statistics and analyzed using paired t-test.
Results show that participants in the health-promoting program had a statistically significant increase in self-care knowledge and self-care behaviors score (t=7.82, t=5.09, p<.01), and the mean score of hemoglobinA1c was statistically significantly lower than the pre-test score (t=2.14, p<.05). Results indicate that a diabetes health-promoting program could increase knowledge, self-care behaviors and prevent diabetic complications. Therefore, it is recommended that the program be used for diabetic patients with uncontrolled glucose.
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บทความที่ตีพิมพ์และแผนภูมิรูปภาพถือเป็นลิขสิทธิ์ของวารสารพยาบาลสาธารณสุข (Thai Public Health Nurses Association)