Effect of Health-promoting program on self-care behaviors of diabetic patients

Authors

  • Umakorn Jaiyungyuen Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Suphanburi, Praboromarajchanok Institute, Thailand
  • Supaporn Voraroon Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Suphanburi, Praboromarajchanok Institute, Thailand
  • Sawitree Siriphonwuttichai Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Suphanburi, Praboromarajchanok Institute, Thailand

Keywords:

Self-care, Diabetes Mellitus, Health-promoting behaviors

Abstract

                Diabetes mellitus is a crucial chronic disease that leads to complications in patients with uncontrolled glucose levels. This quasi-experiment study with a one-group Pre-Posttest research design aimed to evaluate a health-promoting self-care management program of diabetic patients. A sample of 30 diabetic patients participated in this study, receiving a health-promoting program for 12 weeks. Methods included a visual slide display, group discussion, a training demonstration, a good model presentation, and a self-caring handbook. Research instruments included the health-promoting program and self-care behavior and knowledge questionnaires.  The content validity index of the questionnaires was 0.92, and reliability .81 and .83, respectively. Data were reported by descriptive statistics and analyzed using paired t-test.

                Results show that participants in the health-promoting program had a statistically significant increase in self-care knowledge and self-care behaviors score (t=7.82, t=5.09, p<.01), and the mean score of hemoglobinA1c was statistically significantly lower than the pre-test score (t=2.14, p<.05). Results indicate that a diabetes health-promoting program could increase knowledge, self-care behaviors and prevent diabetic complications. Therefore, it is recommended that the program be used for diabetic patients with uncontrolled glucose.

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Published

2021-08-31

How to Cite

Jaiyungyuen อ. ., Voraroon ส. ., & Siriphonwuttichai ส. (2021). Effect of Health-promoting program on self-care behaviors of diabetic patients. Journal of Public Health Nursing, 35(2), 94–108. Retrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/phn/article/view/250233

Issue

Section

Research Articles