Health Beliefs Model in Smoking Prevention and Attitudes Towards Smoking and Its Relationship with Self Efficacy of Smoking Control Among Lower Secondary School Students in Minburi District

  • Kanokwan Silpakampises Faculty of Nursing Kasem Bundit University
  • Siriluk Suesat Nursing faculty, Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi
Keywords: Smoking control, Health beliefs, Self-efficacy

Abstract

              Teenagers also have higher smoking rates than the target of country so preventing smoking is imperative at the lower secondary school. This descriptive research aimed to examine the relationship between health belief in smoking prevention and attitude towards smoking and perceived self-efficacy in smoking control among secondary school students in Minburi District of four schools on 297 students in the year 2016.  Instruments were questionnaire. Data were analyzed using statistics including percentage, mean, standard deviation, range and Pearson correlation was used to test the relationship between variables.

               Results revealed that perceived health belief model in smoking prevention was significantly related to perceived self-efficacy in smoking control (p<.01, r=.249). Perceived attitude towards smoking was significantly related to perceived self-efficacy in smoking control (p<.05, r=-.104). It was found that each of health believes model perceived susceptibility to health-related problems due to smoking, perceived severity of smoking health hazard, perceived benefits of non-smoking, and perceived barriers to non-smoking were significantly related to perceived self-efficacy in smoking control (p<.01, r.=1.45, r=.144, r=.182, p<.05 r=.099 respectively). It is recommended that health belief model in the smoking prevention-based should be conducted in lower secondary school students anti-smoking campaign to promote explicit health beliefs model and attitude in smoking prevention and sustainable non-smoking control behavior should be done especially in the lower secondary school students.

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Published
2021-01-15
How to Cite
Silpakampises, K., & Suesat, S. (2021). Health Beliefs Model in Smoking Prevention and Attitudes Towards Smoking and Its Relationship with Self Efficacy of Smoking Control Among Lower Secondary School Students in Minburi District. Journal of Public Health Nursing, 34(3), 18-36. Retrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/phn/article/view/246193