Effects of An Empowerment Program on Prevention of Falling among Older Adults
This quasi – experimental research aimed to compare the average risk score for falling based on the Timed Up and Go Test (TUGT) and Berg Balance Scale (BBS) before and after elderly participated in an empowerment program. Subjects were selecting from elderly who had passed a risk assessment for falls. One group of 40 patients were randomly assigned to join an eight-week empowerment program while 40 in a comparison group were given a self-study guidebook on preventing falls among the elderly people in rural households.
Research findings were represented using percentage frequency distribution paired t-test comparison and Independent t-test for scores within and between groups. Following the program, the average risk scores, both the Timed Up and Go Test and Berg Balance Scale improved from initial assessment at a statistical significance (p<0.01). For those who using the program, the average risk scores were better than for the control group receiving regular care at a statistical significance (p<0.01). For recommendation, This research shows that this prevention program is adaptable to the context of the area. Using a community involvement process starting from the planning process to practice can enable sustainability of the program in the community.
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