Factors Associated with Intention to Quit Smoking By Males with Chronic Diseases
Keywords:Intention to Quit Smoking, Males with Chronic Diseases
Smoking is advised against for people with chroic diseases. However, those who still smoke experience a lot of negative effects.. The purposes of this collelation study were to describe intention to stop smoking and to examine factors associated with intention to quit smoking among males with chronic diseases. Participants were 100 males with the type 2 Diabetes Mellitus or Hypertension in Wangnamkhiao district, Nakhonratchasima province. Data were collected with questionaires. Statistics were reported as percentage, mean, and standard deviation. Pearson product moment correlation was used for data analysis.
Intention to quit smoking was highest at 6 months and decreased at 3 months and 1 month. The overall intention to quit smoking was moderate. The significant factors associated with intention to quit were self-efficacy related to smoking cessation (r = .480, p < .001), social support (r = .346, p < .001), attitude towards smoking cessation (r = .290, p < .01), income (r = .218, p < .05) and cigarettes smoked per day (r = -.180, p < .05).
Results provide basic knowledge for the development of effective smoking cessation programs for those with chronic diseases. Findings indicate a need to focus on sefl-efficacy to enhance beliefs in one’s ability to stop smoking, changing attitudes towards smoking cessation, and social support from family and health personnel.
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บทความที่ตีพิมพ์และแผนภูมิรูปภาพถือเป็นลิขสิทธิ์ของวารสารพยาบาลสาธารณสุข (Thai Public Health Nurses Association)