THE EFFECTS OF A LIFESKILLS PROGRAM WITH PARENTAL SUPPORT ON SEXUAL ABUSE PREVENTION OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL GIRLS

Authors

  • WANPEN SRITHONGKUN Nursing Science Program in Community Nurse Practitioner, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University
  • NARUEMON AUEMANEEKUL Department of Public Health Nursing, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University
  • ARPAPORN POWWATTANA Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University
  • PIMSURANG TAECHABOONSERMSAK Department of Occupational Health and safety, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University

Keywords:

parental support, life skills, sexual abuse, school girls

Abstract

Child sexual abuse is violence against children which occurs in Thailand and worldwide. It has been a major problem for public health and society for a long time. This quasi-experimental research aimed to study the effects of the lifeskills approach with parental support for the prevention of sexual abuse among grade four school girls in primary school, Suphanburi Province. Simple random sampling was used for the selection of 60 students, 30 students in the experimental group and 30 students in the control group. The experimental group received a lifeskills development program with participatory learning processes for the prevention of sexual abuse. In this program, information and emotional support from parents promoted the self-awareness, critical thinking, decision-making and communication skills during four trainings of this six week training. The data were represented as percentage, mean, and standard deviation with analysis using paired and independent t-tests.

After the experimental program, the experimental group had significantly higher scores of knowledge about sexual harassment than before the program and higher than the comparison group (p-value <. 05). Scores of life skills for sexual abuse prevention were also significantly higher than before the program and than in the comparison group (p-value <. 001).

This research suggests that nurses working in both communities and schools should establish and use programs to improve life skills for sexual abuse prevention among female students.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

World Health Organization. Child maltreatment. {cited 2014 May 25}. Available from: http://www.who.int.

UNICEF Thailand. Situation Analysis of Children and Women 2011. Bangkok: UNICEF Thailand; 2011.

OSCC Suphanburi. Child Support Services Report of OSCC 2014. Suphanburi: OSCC Suphanburi; 2014.

Klunklin P, editors. Child Health Promotion. Khon Kaen: Klungnana Vitthaya Press; 2012.

Keatkor T, Auemaneekul N, Lagampan S, Powwattana A. The Effects of Sexual Abuse Prevention Program for Female Teenager at Risk, Thailand. J. Public Health Nursing. 2014;28(1):56-69.

Department of Mental Health. Situation Review Report on Sexual Behavior of Adolescents, Life Skills and Counseling. Bangkok: Department of Mental Health; 2004.

Bureau of Academic Affairs and Educational Standards. Life Skill Development in Basic Education Commission. Bangkok: Kurusapa Printing; 2009.

Klatthong S. Program Development on Prevention Skills Against Sexual Assault Among School aged Children in Maung district, Uttaradit Province (Dissertation). Bangkok, Mahidol University;2006.

World Health Organization. Information series on school health: Skills for Health. Geneva: World Health Organization;2003.

Smothers MK, Smothers DB. A Sexual Assault Primary Prevention Model with Diverse Urban Youth, London. J. Child Sexual Abuse. 2011;20(6):708-727.

Kenny MC et al. Child Sexual Abuse: From Prevention to Self- Protection, United States. J.Child Abuse Review. 2008;17(1):36-54.

Nadine M, Alex W. Personal safety programmes: literature review. {cited 2011 May 25}. Available from: http:// www.pointresearch.co.nz.

Phumjuntuk A, Duangsong R. An Application of Life Skills and Social Support Theory for Sexual Prevention Before Premature age Among The Sixth Grade Students in Nakhonratchasima Province. Thailand. J. KKU Research. 2014;11(4):55-66.

Tiyataithada C, Banchonhattakit P. Effect of Health Education Program by Applying Protection Motivation Theory and Social Support for Sex Risk Behavior and Teenage Pregnancy Prevention among the Fifth Grade Student, Thailand. J.Srinagarind Medical .2013;28(2):146-154.

Chayutasahakit N. Family Support, Meaning in Life, and Wellness among Juvenile Delinquents with Substance Abuse: A Mixed Methods Study (Dissertation). Bangkok, Chulalongkorn University; 2014.251p.

Charatcharongwitaya S. Prevention behavior from sexual abuse of female teenagers in Bangkok (Dissertation). Bangkok, Thammasat University; 2007. 104p.

Thipsungwan K, Srisuriyawet R, Homsin P. Effects of Mother Participating Program on Sexual Communication between Mother and Early Female Adolescents, Thailand. J.The Public Health of Burapha University. 2013; 8(2):69-80.

World Health Organization. Life skills education for children and adolescents in schools. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1994.

Chaninyuthwong V, editors. Participatory Learning Handbook. Nonthaburi: Wongkamol Productions; 2000.

Thiangtham W, Lagampan S, Powwattana A. Community Capacity Building:Concept and Applications. Bangkok: Danex Inter Corporation; 2015.

Kaewkungwal J, Singhasivanon P. Sample Size in Clinical Research. In: Pitisuttithum P, Picheansoonthon C, editors. Textbook of Clinical Research. Bangkok: Amarin Printing and Publishing; 2013.

Sukhvibul T. Considerations for Building Tools a Rating Scale for Research; 2009. {cited 2015 April 5}. Available from: http://www.ms.src.ku.ac.th.

Tassaneeyarat S, Rodcumdee B. The Effect of Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Program on Intention to Conduct Preventive Behaviors of Primary School Girls, Thailand. J. Nursing Science chulalongkorn University. 2014;26(1):1- 10.

Cecen E, Kaf H. The Effectiveness of Psycho-educational School-based Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Training Program on Turkish Elementary Student, Canada. J.Education Sciences: Theory & Practice. 2013; 13(2):725-729.

Published

2019-12-01

How to Cite

SRITHONGKUN, W., AUEMANEEKUL, N., POWWATTANA, A., & TAECHABOONSERMSAK, P. (2019). THE EFFECTS OF A LIFESKILLS PROGRAM WITH PARENTAL SUPPORT ON SEXUAL ABUSE PREVENTION OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL GIRLS. Journal of Public Health Nursing, 33(Online), 1–20. Retrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/phn/article/view/242003

Issue

Section

Research Articles