Empowerment Development Model to Perception on Maternal Role and Self Care Efficacy among Postpartum Adolescents
Keywords:adolescent mothers, perceived self care efficacy, empowerment
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to developthe empowerment model of perceptions on thematernal role and the self care efficacy among thepostpartum adolescents.The conceptual frameworkwas based on Jensenûs and Bobakûs (1987) self careefficacy concept and Gibson (1995) empowermentconcept. The subjects were 84 adolescent mothers whoadmitted the postpartum units of Buriram Hospital.Theywere equally assigned in to the controlled and theexperimental group, 42 persons in each group.Theinstruments used in this study were the empowermentnursing model and the hand book of postpartummothers.The instruments of data collection werethe demographic data record and the perceived selfefficacy questionnaire. The reliability of questionnairewas cronbach ùs alpha coefficient that gave a valueof 0.81. The data were analysed by using descriptivestatistics, t - test.The results showed that the experimental groupsignificantly perceived on the maternal role, onphysical self care efficacy and psychological self careefficacy after the intervention higher were on statisticsand higher than the controlled group after theintervention on statistics, The controlled group alsosignificantly perceived on the maternal role andphysical self care efficacy after the intervention higheron statistics as well.Mean while, the perception onpsychological self care efficacy before and after theintervention of the controlled group was not differentin significance on statistics.
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