A Study of the Relationships between Personal factors Perceived Benefits Barriers and Self-efficacy in Fall Prevention and Fall Preventive Behaviors among the Elderly living in a Community.
Keywords:elderly, falls, personal factors, perceived benefits, barriers and self-efficacy in fall prevention, fall preventive behaviors
AbstractThe purpose of this descriptive correlation research was to study the relationships among personal factors,perceived benefits, perceived barriers, and perceived self-efficacy of fall prevention and fall preventing behaviorsamong elderly living in a community. A group of 202 older persons including both of male and female livingin one community in Khon Kaen province. Data were collected using an interviewed questionnaire. The contentvalidity of the questionnaire was confirmed by a panel of 5 experts. The Cronbachûs alpha coefficients of instrumentûs reliability for questionnaire. Descriptive statistics was used for data analysis to obtain frequencies,percentages, means, and standard deviations.Pearsonûs Product Moment Correlation Coefficients were calculatedto assess relationships among study variables. Results revealed that: Relationships between personal factorsperceived benefits, barriers and self-efficacy in fall prevention and fall preventive behaviors: there was astatistically significant negative relationship between personal factor: span of age and fall preventing behaviors(r = -.242, p < .01) as well as a statistically significant positive relationship between perceived self-efficacyin fall prevention and fall preventing behaviors (r = .442, p < .01).
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