Perceptions of Depression among People of Khon Kaen City: A Gender Perspective
Keywords:perception, depression, gender, thailand
AbstractThere are limited studies describing the contextualization of gender and depression within the Thaisociety. The study aimed to identify gender based expectations on the roles, responsibilities and influence ofpower that contribute to depression as perceived by people in Khon Kaen City, Northeast Thailand. A qualitativestudy was employed during October 2008 - July 2009. One hundred and one key informants, 50 women and51 men, took part in focused group discussions and in-depthed interviews. The discussions and interviewswere tape-recorded, transcribed and thematically analyzed. It was found that depression was understood byboth men and women to be a product of cultural and socio-economic factors. The menûs role as a family leaderwas stressful. The women had a lower status, lower participation in decision-making, less pay, less opportunity,and less access and control of resources. The expression of and dealing with depression were somewhatdifferent between men and women. It is suggested that in order to reduce the prevalence of depression, greateremphasis should be placed on gender-specific mental health promotion and prevention of depression program.
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