The The effects of a basic life support training program on the basic life support knowledge and skills of nursing students at a private university
Keywords:basic life support, knowledge, skill, nursing student
This quasi-experimental research with a two-group pretest-posttest design aimed to study the effects of a basic cardiopulmonary life support training program on the basic cardiopulmonary life support knowledge and skills of nursing students. The sample was the second-year nursing students in the academic year 2022 of a private university. Nursing students were allocated to an intervention (n=30) or control group (n=30). The intervention group received a basic cardiopulmonary life support training program comprising lectures, video clips, a basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation manual, and simulation. The control group received regular instruction. The instruments consisted of a basic life support knowledge test that obtained Kuder-Richardson's formular 20 coefficients of 0.72, and a basic resuscitation assessment form that reliability test revealed Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.96. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Kolmogorov-Smirnov test found that all the data had normal distribution; paired sample t-test and independent sample t-test, therefore, were used to compare scores within group and between group, respectively.
The results found that after the experiment, nursing students in the intervention group had significantly higher mean scores of basic life support knowledge and basic life support skills than those before the experiment at significance level of .05. The intervention group’s mean score on basic life support skills was higher than that of the control group at significance level of .05. However, the intervention group's mean knowledge score was not significantly different from that of the control group. Although the mean knowledge scores of the two groups were not different; the intervention group, that received the basic cardiopulmonary life support training program, had higher mean score on basic life support skills than that of the control group, which received normal instruction. The results of this study showed that the basic cardiopulmonary life support training program was more appropriate for implementation than traditional teaching for nursing students.
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