The Effectiveness of Braintrain Program for Dementia Prevention in Olders Living in Municipality Area, Ubon Ratchathani Province, Thailand
Keywords:brain enhancement programs to prevent dementia in elderly people
This research is a quasi-experimental research, there was the one group pretest - posttest design. The purpose of this research was to study the effectiveness of a Braintrain Program for dementia prevention in olders.
A sample of elderly people 60 years and over who live in urban areas Ubon Ratchathani Province, amount 15 people were choosen by purposive sampling of research tools from the standard manual and operate quality geriatric clinics of the Institute of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine, Ministry of Public Health consists of general information, dementia information, daily routine and the brain memory performance test. The brain potential development program consisted of four phases of systematic brain stimulation; 1) the using attention, 2) the visual - spatial Intelligence test, 3) the memory recall test, and 4) the executive function test. Data were analyzed by using paired T-test statistics in the data with normal curve distribution, and analyzed the data using Wilcoxon test statistics in data with a non-normal curved distribution which derived from sample size calculations for comparing the mean between two dependent groups.
The results of the study found that the sample group using the program, there were mean scores from the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), the Alzheimer’ s Disease Assessment Scale-Cognitive (ADAS – Cog: Thai modified version), and the Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR). The mean scores were significantly increased, p ≤ 0.05. It was concluded that the program contributed to the stimulation, and developed the potential of the brain in various phases in the elderly who are at risk for early-stage dementia. However, it is essential to develop the program to cover in all phases by designing activities in accordance with the context of the elderly in the area. Doing activity regularly and has been continuously monitored to build a community society that is aware of the prevention of dementia in the community through the Braintrain Program for Dementia Prevention.
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