Knowledge, attitude, and perception of 6-month exclusive breastfeeding supporting behaviors of husband in the northeast region: A study in tertiary hospitals
Keywords:knowledge, attitude, behavior, exclusive breastfeeding, husband
Breastfeeding benefits mothers and babies. The husband's level of knowledge, attitude and behavior influenced. Husband's level of knowledge, attitude, and behaviors influence 6-month exclusive breastfeeding. This cross-sectional descriptive research aimed to study levels and correlations of knowledge, attitude, and perception of 6-month exclusive breastfeeding supporting behaviors among husbands of wife giving birth at government tertiary hospitals in Khon Kaen Province. The research instruments were 4 questionnaires (a demographic questionnaire, a husband breastfeeding knowledge questionnaire, a husband breastfeeding attitude questionnaire, a husband’s perception of breastfeeding supporting behaviors questionnaire). Sample were husband of wife giving birth at Khon Kaen Hospital and Srinagarin between October 2020 – March 2021. Data were analyzed for frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, and Pearson correlation coefficient. Results revealed that 185 men were participated. Most of the participants were aged between 19-29 years (46.49%). One third of the participants had a high school/vocational level education (31.35%) and have income of 10,001-20,000 baht per month (37.84%). More than half of the participants had children (51.59%) and experienced breastfeeding (53.51%). Most had moderate level of husband’s knowledge (mean=19.32, SD=4.82) and moderate level of husbands’ attitude (mean=68.58, SD=10.24). Number of husbands who had moderate level was equal to those who had high level of perception of breastfeeding supporting behaviors (mean=108.81, SD=20.39). Knowledge was statistically significant positive correlated with attitude and perception of behavior (r=0.478 and 0.342, respectively). In addition, attitude had statistically significant positive correlation with behavior (r=0.553). These results can be further utilized as primary information to promote 6-month exclusive breastfeeding supporting behavior among husbands, as well as to develop education programs and promote husbands’ proper behaviors.
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