Factors associated with depression among older adults in Hue, Vietnam
Keywords:factors, depression, older adults, Vietnam
Depression is a common mental and emotional disorder in older adults and can impact their health status. This cross-sectional descriptive study aimed to analyze factors associated with depression among older adults incommunitiesof Hue, Vietnam.Fourhundredandtwentyparticipants meetingthe studycriteria were selected using a simple random sampling technique. Data were collected by interview method using questionnaires. Theresponseratewas 98.1%. Theresultsshowedthat 34.2%of the participants were depressed: mild (21.4%), moderate (6.8%), andsevere (6.1%), respectively. Depression was significantly associated with age, gender, educational level, living condition, income, comorbidity, activities of daily living (ADL) score, and social support, with p <0.05. In the multivariate logistic regression model, only gender, income, comorbidity, and social support weresignificantly associated with depression, with p<0.05. The results of this study provide updated information regarding depression in the Vietnamese older adults. This may help nurses and other healthcare providers to develop interventions or strategies to prevent depression for this population.
WHO.WHO-World report on ageing and health 2015 [Internet]; 2015 [cited 2019 Nov 23]. Available from: http://www.who.int/ageing/ events/world-report-2015-launch/en/
WHO. WHO-MSD-MER-2017.2-eng. pdf [Internet]; 2017 [cited 2019 Nov 23]. Available from: https://apps.who.int/iris/ bitstream/handle/10665/254610/WHO-MSD-MER-2017.2-eng.pdf
American Psychological Association. Aging and depression [Internet]; 2012 [cited 2020 Jan 11]. Available from: https://www.apa.org/helpcenter/aging-depression
McKinnon SA, Holloway BM, Santoro MS, May AC, Cronan TA. The effects of age, mental health, and comorbidity on the perceived likelihood of hiring a healthcare advocate. Californian J Health Promot 2016;14(3): 45-57.
Li J, Theng Y-L, Foo S. Depression and psychosocial risk factors among community-dwelling older adults in Singapore. J Cross-Cult Gerontol 2015;30(4):409-22.
Barua A, Ghosh MK, Kar N, Basilio MA. Prevalence of depressive disorders in the elderly. Ann Saudi Med 2011;31(6):620-4.
Yaka E, Keskinoglu P, Ucku R, Yener GG, Tunca Z. Prevalence and risk factors of depression among community-dwelling elderly. Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2014;59(1):150-4.
Ferrari AJ, Charlson FJ, Norman RE, Patten SB, Freedman G, Murray CJL, Vos T, Whiteford, HA. Burden of depressive disorders by country, sex, age, and year: Findings from the global burden of disease study 2010. PLoS Med [Internet];2013[cited2019Nov23]. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/ articles/PMC3818162/
Nguyen Thai QC, Nguyen TH. Mental health literacy: Knowledge of depression among undergraduate students in Hanoi, Vietnam. Int J Ment Health Syst 2018;12(1):12-9. doi: 10.1186/s13033-018-0195-1
Dao ATM, Nguyen VT, Nguyen HV, Nguyen LTK. Factors associated with depression among the elderly living in urban Vietnam. BioMed Res Int [Internet]; 2018 Nov 25 [cited 2019 Nov 23]. Available from: https://www.ncbi. nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC 6286754/
Kim JI, Choe MA, Chae YR. Prevalence and predictors of geriatric depression in community-dwelling elderly. Asian Nurs Res 2009;3(3):121-9.
Mirkena Y, Reta MM, Haile K, Nassir Z, Sisay MM. Prevalence of depression and associated factors among older adults at Ambo town, Oromia region, Ethiopia. BMC Psychiatry [Internet];2018[cited2019Nov23]. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm. nih.gov/pmc/ articles/PMC6194620/
Tanjanai PT, Moradinazar M, Najafi F. Prevalence of depression and related social and physical factors amongst the Iranian elderlypopulationin 2012. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2017;17(1):126-31.
Peltzer K, Phaswana-Mafuya N. Depression and associated factors in older adults in South Africa. Glob Health Action [Internet]; 2013 [cited 2019 Nov 23]. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/ PMC3549465/
MOH. JAHR2016_Edraft.pdf [Internet]; 2016 [cited 2019 Nov 23]. Available from: http://jahr.org.vn/downloads/JAHR2016/ JAHR2016_Edraft.pdf
Leggett A, Zarit SH, Nguyen NH, Hoang CN, Nguyen HT. The influence of social factors and health on depressive symptoms and worry: A study of older Vietnamese adults. Aging Ment Health 2012;16(6):780-6.
Folstein MF, Folstein SE, McHugh PR. Mini-mental state: A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. J Psychiatr Res 1975;12(3):189-98.
Katz S, Downs TD, Cash HR, Grotz RC. Progress in development of the index of ADL. The Gerontologist 1970;10(1):20-30.
Zimet GD, Dahlem NW, Zimet SG, Farley GK. The multidimensional scale of perceived social support. JPers Assess 1988;52(1):30-41.
Greenberg SA. The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). Best Pract Nurs Care Older Adults General assessment series: New York: New York University Rory Meyers College of Nursing; 2019.
Bitew T. Prevalence and risk factors of depression in Ethiopia: A Review. Ethiop J HealthSci 2014;24(2):161-9.
Padayachey U, RamlallS, Chipps J. Depression in older adults: Prevalence and risk factors in a primary health care sample. South Afr Fam Pract 2017;59(2):61-6.
Nguyen HTL, DoanVDK. Nghiên cúu tình hình trầm cảm và các yếu tố liên quan ở người cao tuổi tịa thành phố Huế năm 2013. Tạp Chí Học Thực HànhSố 2013;880:228-32.
Pilania M, Bairwa M, Khurana H, Kumar N. Prevalence and predictors of depression in community-dwelling elderly in rural Haryana, India. Indian J Community Med 2017;42(1):13-8.
Li N, Pang L, Chen G, Song X, Zhang J, Zheng X. Risk factors for depression in older adults in Beijing. Can J Psychiatry Rev Can Psychiatr 2011; 56(8):466-73.
How to Cite
The Journal of Nursing Science and Health is copyright holder of published articles. Distributions of articles published in Journal of Nursing Science and Health including online, photocopying which is not for teaching-learning purpose, publication submission elsewhere are prohibited except obtaining permission from the Journal of Nursing Science and Health.