ลักษณะ สาเหตุและผลกระทบของความรุนแรงในผู้เสพสารเสพติดที่มารับการรักษา The characteristic causes consequence of violence in drug addicts’ patients
Keywords:Violence, drug addict, prevalence, cause, consequence.
A study survey of the prevalence of violence amid drug addiction, characteristics causes of violence and associated health consequences. The 349 respondents was applied by self-questionnaire with reliability by Cronbach’s alpha at 0.87 .The data were analyzed for frequency, percentage, Pearson correlation, and 2.
The results of the 303 male (86.8%) and 46 females; (13.2%) were aged 14 - 61 years, found prevalence of violence towards others was 81.4% (284) and being a victim of violence was 73.3% (247). There was significant correlation between being violent towards others and of being a victim of violence (r= 0.65, p < 0.05).
The significantly differentiating factor in using violence and being victim was relationship with relative ( 2 14.83, p < 0.05 and 2 11.05, p < 0.05). The top violence towards others was scolding or rudeness (56.6%), the same factor as being a victim (48.4%), and sexual violence which greatly affected family members (3.1%and2.0%). The top consequence was feeling guilty 86.6% (292).
The patients with drug addiction were being violent towards others and being victims of violence themselves with consequences to the individual, families and community. Evidently nursing care is needed to facilitate control and reduce the effects of violence.
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