Development of dyspnea assessment tool for patient receiving palliative care.


  • pasakorn ngoangam
  • Bumpenchit sangchart


dyspnea, patients receiving palliative care, assessment of dyspnea


The objective of this research was to develop a tool to assess dyspnea in patients receiving palliative care, to check the quality of the content validity and the reliability and usability testing tools. The research methodology consists of 3 phases as follows : Phase 1 defines dimensions, sub-dimension, definition and create questions. The sample consisted of 15 palliative care patients and 15 professional nurses with experience in caring for patients. Data were analyzed by content analysis. Phase 2, to determine the quality of the tools. Sample Consisted of 5 experts and 52 patients receiving palliative care. Analyze the data by content validity index and the Cronbach's alpha coefficient. And Phase 3 attenuates the details, updated questions and usability testing of tools. The sample consisted of 30 palliative care patients and 30 professional nurses with experience in caring for patients.  Analyze the data by usability index.

The result of the study has 3 sets of tools as follows: 1) Assessment tool for risk of developing dyspnea, consisting of 10 questions. 2) The assessment tool of dyspnea in patients receiving palliative care, consisting of 24 questions. And 3) The assessment tool for dyspnea in patients who cannot communicate, consisting of 10 questions. All tools are in acceptable content validity (SCVI: 0.96, 1, 0.96 and ICVI: 0.8-1, 1, 0.8-1 respectively), reliability is acceptable to excellent (α Cronbach: 0.76, 0.93, 0.88 respectively), usability testing is acceptable (UI : 0.89, 0.86, 0.93 respectively).


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Author Biography

pasakorn ngoangam

Thailand  Citation Index Center


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How to Cite

ngoangam pasakorn, sangchart B. Development of dyspnea assessment tool for patient receiving palliative care. JNSH [Internet]. 2020 Jun. 25 [cited 2022 Oct. 3];43(2):25-34. Available from:

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