Effects of overweight prevention program on preschool caregivers

Main Article Content

ไมลา อิสสระสงคราม
ทัศนีย์ บุญประคอง

Abstract

The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to evaluate the effects of overweight prevention program on preschool caregivers. The sample included the caregivers of preschool children who had risk factors for overweight from 2 kindergartens in Krathum Rai, Nong Chok, Bangkok. By simple sampling selection, one group was selected as the experimental group with 33 caregivers and the other with 34 caregivers was the comparison group. The research procedure included a 3 week intervention and              a 4 week follow up period. Neuman’s systems theory was applied to the risk factors of overweight in children and Participatory Learning was applied in the program. Data were collected by using questionnaires between January and March 2017. Statistical analysis was performed by using percentage, mean, independent t-test


            The results of this study indicated that, after the experiment and follow up, the experimental group had significantly higher mean scores of knowledge about nutrition and overweight, attitude towards preschool nutrition, food selection behavior and physical activity behavior than before the experiment    (p-value<0.01). However, the mean score of food control behavior after the follow up period was higher than before the experiment period but not significantly. After the experiment, the experimental group showed significantly higher mean scores of knowledge about nutrition and overweight, attitude towards preschool nutrition, food selection behavior and food control behavior than those of the comparison group. However, at follow up period the mean score of physical activity behavior in the experimental group was higher than that of the comparison group but not significantly.


            The results of this study indicate that the overweight prevention program in preschool caregivers had an effect on increasing knowledge and attitude. However, behavior did not change over time. Accordingly, a modified similar program should be developed to achieve sustainable behavior.

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1.
อิสสระสงครามไ, บุญประคองท. Effects of overweight prevention program on preschool caregivers. jdpc7kk [Internet]. 2019May3 [cited 2020Jun.7];26(1):35-. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jdpc7kk/article/view/187266
Section
Research Article

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