Risk factors for chikungunya infection during a re-emerged outbreak in Takbai district, Narathiwat province, between 2014 and 2015

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Phatchani - Nakkhara

Abstract

In late November 2014, an outbreak of the Central East African chikungunya virus re-emerged in Takbai district, Narathiwat province. A serosurvey was conducted to investigate the clinical features and risk factors of infection. Sera from 208 volunteers aged more than 17 years had chikungunya IgM antibodies by Haemagglutination inhibition test and interviewed with structured questionnaire. Of 161 infected cases, 122 (58.6 %) had chikungunya-like-symptoms. The dominant symptoms reported were joint pain (99.2%), headache (94.3%), fever (87.7%) and rash (73.1%). Chikungunya infection was associated with no outdoor mosquito biting protection (adjusted odds ratio=3.13, 95%CI =1.27-7.67), having outdoor garbage pile (adjusted odds ratio=2.79, 95%CI =1.26-6.17) and illiteracy or lower primary school education (adjusted odds ratio=2.79, 95%CI =1.01-7.67). Therefore, self protection from outdoor mosquito biting and clearing of garbage piles should be promoted to residents during chikungunya outbreak.

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How to Cite
1.
Nakkhara P-. Risk factors for chikungunya infection during a re-emerged outbreak in Takbai district, Narathiwat province, between 2014 and 2015. jdpc7kk [Internet]. 2019Dec.26 [cited 2020Sep.29];26(3):48-. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jdpc7kk/article/view/174439
Section
Research Article

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