Instructions for Authors

  1. Types of articles

Published articles in Chiang Mai Dental Journal will be:

1.1 Original articles: Research reports or unpublished recent academic research.

1.2 Review articles: Articles that contain important collected data from many books or journals and from the writer’s experience. Information should be described, analyzed, reviewed and compared so that it can be understood by readers precisely and in depth.

1.3 Case reports: Interesting patient case reports which include clinical symptoms, diagnosis, patient care, and follow-up? evaluation and treatment.

1.4 Miscellany: General articles, comments and feedback, useful news, translated stories, short written statements from international journals, abstracts, new research, introduction of innovations, questions & answers, and academic problems.

  1. Preparation of Manuscripts

Manuscripts submitted must be clear, and the editor should receive two copies (including illustrations). The writer should keep a copy and prepare the manuscript as follow:

2.1 Manuscript Typescripts: use A4 size paper, double spacing, one inch margins, important headlines underlined, pages single-sided, with page numbers on each page in the top right corner. Computer documents must use the Word Document Program and two manuscript file CDs must be submitted.

2.2 Articles, including tables and illustrations, should not be longer than 20 pages.

2.3 Manuscripts should be in Thai or English. Thai manuscripts must use terms specified by the rule of the Royal Institute. For terms not specified by the Royal Institute, transliterations should be written and the original word added in parentheses the first time the word is used.

2.4 Illustrations should be sharp, black and white pictures. If color pictures are submitted, the cost of color printing is to be paid by the authors. If there are drawings, they must be made with drawing ink on thick, white, glossy paper. Picture numbers and authors’ names are to be penciled on the back of the pictures, and the upper edge of each picture must be identified. If electronic image files are to be used, the images should be supplied in TIFF or JPEG format with maximum quality. A description of each picture is to be typed separately both in Thai and English, in ascending numerical order. The pictures should be submitted separately in envelopes, or separate files with individual filenames.

2.5 Tables are to be printed one per page. Titles, footnotes, descriptions of abbreviations and statistical significance both in Thai and English are to be included. The manuscript should indicate where in the text the tables and illustrations are to be printed.

  1. Format for Submitted Manuscripts

Original articles and reviews should be itemised as follows:

3.1 Title should be short and informative, must not use abbreviations, and should be typed on the first page in both Thai and English.

3.2 Author’s name is to be printed on the second page. If there are several authors , arrange the names according to priority and give details of educational background, position, work place, and authors’ postal and e-mail addresses if avaiable, both in Thai and English. Also print corresponding author’s name and address.

3.3 Abstract is a short article referring briefly to objectives, methods, results (without quoting documents or illustrations or tables) and discussion. An abstract should be no more than 200 words in length and printed both in Thai and English.

Keywords: Articles should append keywords or short phrases of 3-10 syllables that will help with indexing. If using the English language, the vocabulary used should be that specified in the Medical Subject Headings Listed in Index Medicus.

3.4 Texts of research reports should be separated into the following headings. (If written in Thai, no English title in parenthesis is needed).

3.4.1 Introduction should include literature reviews of previous studies, research questions, and the rationale for conducting the study. The Introduction should not be too long and should be easy to read and understand.

3.4.2 Materials and Methods refers to the materials used in the study and the procedures and the methods by which the results were obtained. The Materials and Methods should be clearly described in a logical sequence.

3.4.3 Results show the data gained from the study’s design in text, tables and/or illustrations, as appropriate.

3.4.4 Discussion is criticism, explanation and defense of the results from the standpoint of the author, and comparison with other peoples’ reports. The discussion can include criticism of materials, methods and study results, problems and difficulties, pointing out the benefits of adoption and providing feedback where appropriate.

3.4.5 Conclusions refers to a summary of the study or research results.

3.4.6 Acknowledgements is a thank you note to sponsors, contributors and supporters of the study and report.

3.4.7 References should be confined to documents relating to the author’s article or study. The number should not exceed 80, placed in order and using numbers which are raised and put in parentheses, starting with number 1 in the article and reference document’s name. If there are six or fewer authors to the reference work referred to, all their names will be included, but for seven and above, only the first three names will be given, followed by et al. Journal abbreviations should follow the latest edition of the Index Medicus.

Examples of References

  1. Journal reference is to be written in the following order:

Author(s). Title. Journal abbreviation (in Italics) year; volume: first page-last page number.


Anderson R, Arvidsson E, Crossner CG, et al. Comparison of two composite resins. Periodontol 1998; 23:45-50.

Thai journals should be translated into English first, then put (in Thai) at the end, as written in the English example but with the full author name(s), beginning with the first (personal) name, and followed by the last name (surname) and the A.D. year date, as follows:

Detsomboonrat P. Success of three mix antibiotics in non-instrumental endodontic treatment of primary molar [dissertation]. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University; 2007 (in Thai).

  1. Book references are to be written as follows:

Author(s) Book name (in Italics) Edition, publishing city, year published and page number.


Little JW, Falace DA. Dental management of the medically compromised patient. 4 ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 1993:590.

  1. Book reference that has an author for a specific chapter is to be written as follows:

Author's name(s). Chapter name. In: Book editor’s name, ed: Book name (in Italics), Edition number, publishing city: publisher; year published: page number(s).


Taylor AT, Burton RD. Saliva glands. In: Tenovuo JO, ed: Human Saliva: Clinical Chemistry and Microbiology, Vol I. Boca Raton: CRC press; 1989: 223-233.

  1. Abstract references are to be written as follows:

 Author(s). Abstract title. Journal abbreviation (in Italics) year; volume: page (abstract number)


Mileman PA, Espelid I. Radiographic treatment decisions, a comparison between Dutch and Norwegian practitioners. J Dent Res 1991;65: 609 (Abstr 32).

  1. Thesis references are to be written as follows:

Author. Title. Level of the thesis. university, Thesis year completion.


Chareonvicha W. The morphological change during developing class III malocclusion in females: a cross-sectional study. Master of Science (Orthodontics). Mahidol University,


  1. Proceedings of conference

Author. Title. Conference’s title. Date of the conference, Place of the conference.


Boehmer J. Esthetic thickening of the vestibular part of the upper full denture by preprosthetic surgery patients. Proceedings of the 12 Asian Pacific Dental Congress:

Future trends in oral care. 5-10 December 1985, Bangkok, Thailand.

  1. Electronic source reference using Vancouver Style

7.1 CD-ROM

Anderson SC, Poulsen KB. Anderson's electronic atlas of hematology

[CD-ROM]. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002.

 7.2 Journal article from the Internet

Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [serial on the Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102(6):[about 3 p.]. Available from:

7.3 Monograph on the Internet

Foley KM, Gelband H, editors. Improving palliative care for cancer [monograph on the Internet]. Washington: National Academy Press; 2001 [cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from

7.4 Homepage/Web site [URL of homepage on the Internet]. New York: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01 [updated 2002 May 16; cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from:

7.5 Part of a homepage/Web site

American Medical Association [URL of homepage on the Internet]. Chicago: The Association; c1995-2002 [updated 2001 Aug 23; cited 2002 Aug 12]. AMA Office of Group Practice Liaison; [about 2 screens]. Available from : HYPER-LINK “”

7.6 Database on the Internet

Open database:

Who's Certified [URL of database on the Internet]. Evanston (IL): The American Board of Medical Specialists. c2000 - [cited 2001 Mar 8]. Available from:

Closed database:

Jablonski S. Online Multiple Congential Anomaly/Mental Retardation (MCA/MR) Syndromes [URL of database on the Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US). c1999 [updated 2001 Nov 20; cited 2002 Aug 12]. Available from:

7.7 Part of a database on the Internet

MeSH Browser [URL of database on the Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2002 - [cited 2003 Jun 10]. Meta-analysis; unique ID: D015201; [about 3 p.]. Available from: Files updated weekly.

Note: Dental nomenclature in the manuscript should be complete words, such as maxillary right central incisor. Numbering of teeth from pictures or tables should follow the FDI two digit system.

  1. Reprints

        The author will receive 20 copies per article. If the author needs more copies, s/he should so inform the editorial department. However, the writer may be responsible for the extra costs.