A Proposed Process Model for Innovative Research and Development in Emergency Medical Services System


  • Vitsanu Nittayathammakul
  • Phummarin Saelim
  • Rajin Arora
  • Varalee Aphinives
  • Panita Wannapiroon
  • Pallop Piriyasurawong
  • Prachyanun Nilsook
  • Siwaporn Linthaluek


research, innovative, Emergency Medical Services, Research and Development Process


Innovative Research and Development (IR&D) in Emergency Medical Services System (EMSS) is activity sets or research processes by using Mixed Method Research (MMR) to apply in the synthesis, design, development and various innovation pilot study in terms of Digital Health Interventions (DHI) for Multidisciplinary Researcher Network, Related Organizations, and EMSS Stakeholders to ensure that such an innovation is efficiency and effectiveness which is under the accepted and appropriate criteria. The objective of this research paper is to analyze, synthesize, and assess the suitability of the IR&D processes in EMSS. The research methodology divided into three main stages as 1) Process Investigation Stage, 2) Process Validation Stage, and
3) Process Evaluation Stage. The research findings that IR&D processes in EMSS which was newly proposed consists of four main process; (1) Innovative-component Synthesis,
(2) Innovative-operating Model Design (3) Innovative-intervention Development and Evaluation, and (4) Innovative-intervention Pilot Study, And suitability evaluation results of the IR&D processes in EMSS found that the suitability of proposed processes was “Most”. Therefore,
the proposed processes are rated as appropriate in terms of a clear research framework for innovative research and development in emergency medical services system.


Wangsree, K. (2013). The EMS system in Thailand. Srinagarind Med J, 28(4), 69-73.

นงลักษณ์ พะไกยะ และคณะ, 2557, การคาดการณ์ความต้องการและการวางแผนกำลังคนสำหรับระบบบริการทางการแพทย์ฉุกเฉิน, สถาบันวิจัยระบบสาธารณสุข, กรุงเทพฯ, หน้า 7,46

ราชวิทยาลัยจุฬาภรณ์, ยุทธศาสตร์ราชวิทยาลัยจุฬาภรณ์ พ.ศ.2560-2564, [Online], Available: https://www.cra.ac.th/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/ยุทธศาสตร์-รจภ.pdf [วันที่ 29 ธันวาคม 2562].

ราชกิจจานุเบกษา, ประกาศ เรื่อง ยุทธศาสตร์ชาติ (พ.ศ. 2561 - 2580), 2561, [Online], Available: http://www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th/DATA/PDF/2561/A/082/T_0001.PDF [วันที่ 29 ธันวาคม 2562].

Kanjanawasee, S. (2016). Research and development for Thai education. Silpakorn Educational Research Journal, 8(2), 1-18.

Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2006). The content validity index: are you sure you know what's being reported? Critique and recommendations. Research in nursing & health, 29(5), 489-497.

Paolillo, J. G., & Brown, W. B. (1978). How organizational factors affect R&D innovation. Research management, 21(2), 12-15.

Kitreerawutiwong, N. (2012). Mixed methods research design in public health. The Public Health Journal of Burapha University, 7(2), 130-152.

Creswell, J. W., & Clark, V. L. P. (2017). Designing and conducting mixed methods research. Sage publications.

Buosonte, R.. (2016). Non-Boundary Research Method. Ratchaphruek Journal, 14(1), 1-5.

Alvesson, M., & Sandberg, J. (2013). Constructing research questions: Doing interesting research. Sage.

World Health Organization. (2019). WHO Guideline: recommendations on digital interventions for health system strengthening. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2019.

Chalakbang, W. (2017). Mixed Methods Research. Nakhon Phanom University Journal, 7(2), 124-132.

Sritoam, K., & Nernpermpisooth, N. (2018). Model of Pre-hospital Care to Emergency Medical Services for Patients with Stroke in Bang Rakam District, Phitsanulok Province. Journal of Disease Prevention and Control: DPC. 2 Phitsanulok, 5(3), 43-56.

Kittivongvisut, A., Wijakkanalan, S., & Wijakkanalan, W. (2015). The Development of Simulation Instructional Model with Problem Based Learning in Emergency Medical Operational Skills for Emergency Medical Technician Students. JOURNAL OF EDUCATION KHON KAEN UNIVERSITY, 38(3), 50-57.

Harnpajonesuk, T. (2018). Development of Data Management System for Emergency Medical Services in Local Administration Organization : A Case Study of Nongphueng Sub-District Municipality. FEU Academic Review, 12(4), 190-190.

Folk, Johanna Bailey, et al. (2020). Feasibility of Social Media–Based Recruitment and Perceived Acceptability of Digital Health Interventions for Caregivers of Justice-Involved Youth: Mixed Methods Study. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(4), e16370.

Mehmet, M., Roberts, R., & Nayeem, T. (2020). Using digital and social media for health promotion:

A social marketing approach for addressing co‐morbid physical and mental health. Australian Journal of Rural Health.

Noack, E. M., Kleinert, E., & Müller, F. (2020). Overcoming language barriers in paramedic care: a study protocol of the interventional trial ‘DICTUM rescue’evaluating an app designed to improve communication between paramedics and foreign-language patients. BMC health services research, 20(1), 1-12.






Research Articles