Food consumption behaviors among older persons with dementia in community and management of caregivers
Keywords:Dementia, Older persons, Food consumption behaviors, Management of caregivers, Community
Older persons with dementia often have behavioral changes related to inappropriate food consumption behavior, which can negatively impact their quality of life and require changes in caregiving and management by caregivers. This descriptive study, conducted between June 2021 and January 2022, aimed to investigate the food consumption behavior and management of caregivers and factors associated with older persons with dementia in a specific province in the northeastern region of Thailand. The samples were 117 pairs of family caregivers and older persons with dementia. The research tools consisted of a personal information questionnaire, The Food Consumption Behavior Assessment for Older Persons with Dementia Scale with the reliability between a food consumption behavior assessment for older persons with dementia was .77 , and The Food Consumption Behavior Management for Caregivers of Older Persons with Dementia Scale which had a reliability value of .88. Descriptive statistics and chi-square statistics were used to analyze the data. The results showed that the eating behaviors of older persons with dementia consisted of: 1) refusing to go to the dining room, table, or eating area;2) wanting to eat at non-mealtimes, and 3) not chewing food before swallowing. As for the management of the caregivers, it was found that caregivers waited for the older persons to calm down before inviting them to eat and showing them how to eat. In addition, there was a statistically significant correlation between the age factor of caregivers and the dietary behavior of older adults with dementia (p<.05). The results of this study could recommend training skills in appropriate care and management of dietary behaviors of older persons with dementia, which are considered with the age factor of the caregivers of older persons with dementia.
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