Epidemiology and treatment outcome of peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis in end stage kidney disease patients with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis: a retrospective cohort study in Saraburi Hospital



End stage kidney disease patients with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, peritoneal dialysis related peritonitis, epidemiology, risk factor for peritoneal dialysis related peritonitis


Introduction: Peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis is a common complication in end-stage renal disease patients who undergo continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). This study analyzed the epidemiology of peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis, risk factors, treatment outcomes and factors that may have contributed to catheter removal.

Methodology: A total of 582 events of peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis among end-stage renal disease patients who received treatment at Saraburi hospital from January 1st 2011 to December 31st 2020 were included into the study. Patients’ data was retrospectively collected from medical records and analyzed using Cox proportional hazard analyses to identify risk factors for catheter removal and treatment outcomes.

Results: Patients who developed peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis had an average age of 56 years and the average duration of peritoneal dialysis prior to peritonitis was 588 days. Of the 582 events, 312 (53.6%) had diabetes mellitus. Cloudy peritoneal dialysis fluid was the most common clinical presentation (64.7%). The majority of pathogens were gram-negative bacteria [223 events (38.3%)] with Escherichia coli being the most common pathogen 32.3%. Gram-positive bacteria [206 events (35.3%)] were the second most common with Staphylococcus coagulase negative being the most common pathogen (35.4%). No organism was isolated in 141 events (24.2%) and fungal peritonitis was found in 13 patients (2.2%). Removal of catheter occurred in 164 events (28.2%) and 23 patients died (3.9%). Multivariable analysis showed that serum albumin levels (HR 0.51, p-value < 0.01) and fungal peritonitis (HR 2.68, p-value < 0.01) were associated with catheter removal.

Conclusion: The epidemiology of peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis from this study showed that gram-negative bacteria was the majority of pathogens in the past decade. Fungal infection had contributed to removal of catheter among CAPD patients. Good serum albumin level might have lessened the risk of catheter removal.


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How to Cite

Suansuk, P., Vichapat, V., & Theanwan, S. (2023). Epidemiology and treatment outcome of peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis in end stage kidney disease patients with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis: a retrospective cohort study in Saraburi Hospital. Saraburi Hospital Medical Journal, 37(1), 20–30. Retrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/SHMJ/article/view/263957



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