EFFECT OF LEG COMPRESSION GARMENT ON DELAYED ONSET MUSCLE SORENESS IN AMATEUR RUNNERS
The purpose of this research was to investigate the effectiveness of compression garment on prevention and decrease of delayed onset muscle soreness in novice runner. Thirty healthy and not exercise regularly participants aged between 18 – 35 years were equally randomized into three groups; the first group wear the compression garment while running (WR group), the second group wear it after running (WA group) and the third group did not wear it (control group). Participants performed running 5 kilometers in 45 minutes. Pain scale (Visual Analog Scale:VAS), thigh circumference and range of motion of active knee flexion were evaluated before exercise (baseline), immediately after exercise, at 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours post exercise. The results showed that after exercise, all 3 groups had a statistically significant increase in pain scale compared to baseline. In WR group pain scale increased immediately after exercise, 24 and 48 hours after exercise. In WA group pain scale increased immediately after exercise, 24, 48 and 72 hours after exercise and in control group pain scale increased in all periods. They showed significant lesser on pain scale in WR group compared with control group in all period and WA group compared with control group in 48 hours after exercise. The thigh circumference in all groups increased slightly from baseline, in WR group significant increased immediately after exercise, 24 and 48 hours after exercise, in WA group significant increased immediately after exercise and 24 hours after exercise, but there was no significant difference between the groups. The range of motion in all groups significantly decreased from baseline in all periods and no significant difference between the groups. This result demonstrated that compression garment can prevent and reduce delayed onset muscle soreness after exercise in novice runners, by suggesting that wearing while exercise is more effective in reducing pain and wear after running is more effective in reduced swelling.
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