EFFECT OF HIGH INTENSITY INTERVAL TRAINING IN DEEP WATER AND TREADMILL ON MAXIMAL OXYGEN CONSUMPTION IN TEAM ATHLETE

  • Weeraphan PHROMPINIJ 083-0543005
  • Ratree RUANGTHAI
  • Niromlee MAKAJE
Keywords: High Intensity Interval Training, Deep water running

Abstract

     The purpose of this research were to examine and compare the effect of high intensity interval training (HIIT) in deep water and treadmill on maximum oxygen consumption (V̇O2max), body weight, body fat, muscle mass and perceived pain in team athletes. The participants included twenty seven male team athletes, from the Faculty of Sports Science, at Kasetsart University, Kamphaeng Saen campus, age range 1 8 - 22 years. The athletes were divided into three groups with nine subjects in each group. The first group performed HIIT on the treadmill, the second group performed HIIT in deep water running and the third group performed normal daily activity as the control group. The HIIT program included practicing 4x4 min interval training 3 days per week, for 8 weeks. Analyses included pre and post test differences within group using Paired t-test. ANOVA was used to test between groups and follow by using Turkey’s test. Perceived pain between HIIT on treadmill and HIIT in deep water running was compared using an independent t-test with level of significance .05.

     The results showed that the V̇O2max, body weight, body fat, and muscle mass of HIIT on treadmill, the HIIT in deep water and control group after 8 weeks of training were no significant difference at the 0.05 level.However, after 8 weeks of training, significant differences existed in the HIIT in deep water group in V̇O2max between pre 40.9 ± 4.5 ml/kg/min and post test 43.2 ± 4.9 ml/kg/min (p<0.05). Also, differences were found in perceived pain between HIIT on treadmill (5.99±0.34) and HIIT in deep water running (2.86±1.02) (p<0.05).
     In conclusion, there were no difference between both running programs after 8 weeks of training.However, the V̇O2max of HIIT in deep water increased after 8 weeks training and the HIIT in deep water had a lesser effect on acute of perceived pain during the training.
(Journal of Sports Science and Technology 2019; 19(2): 8-19)
(Received: 17 April 2019, Revised: 2 July 2019, Accepted: 8 July 2019)
Keywords: High intensity interval training/ Deep water running
*Corresponding author: Ratree RUANGTHAI
Department of Sports Science and Health, Faculty of Sports Science
Kasetsart University, Kampheangsean Campus NaKhon Pathom, THAILAND 73140
E-mail: ratree.r@ku.th

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Author Biography

Ratree RUANGTHAI

Department of Sports and Health, Faculty of Sports Science, Kasetsart University. Kampheang Campus,
Nakhon Phomthom. THAILAND. 73140

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Published
2019-12-18
Section
Articles