The Effectiveness of an Older Adult Potential Development Program with Montessori-Based on Promoting Cognition Prevention of Dementia, Ubon Ratchathani Province

Authors

  • Jiranan Jindachart Faculty of Nursing, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University
  • Saowanee Soboon Faculty of Nursing, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University
  • Rungrat Palakai Medical and Mental Health Group, Ubon Ratchathani Provincial Public Health Office
  • Duangrat Kaveenuntachai Kuakarun Faculty of Nursing, Navamindradhiraj University

Keywords:

Older adult potential development with Montessori program, Dementia

Abstract

This study was quasi-experimental research with the one-group pretest-posttest design. The proposes were to compare older adults’ cognitive scores before and after receiving the potential development based on the Montessori program. The 45 participants were home-bound older people and without dementia. Simple random sampling with frame and inclusion criteria were used for the recruitment of participants. Instruments were employed to collect data comprised a demographic questionnaire and the Mini-Mental State Examination-Thai 2002 (MMSE-Thai 2002). An experimental instrument was an older adult potential development program based on the Montessori and this program was verified for content validity by three professional experts. The MMSE-Thai 2002 was tested reliability with test-retest in 30 older adults who were the same characteristics with the participants and reported a Pearson’s correlation of .81. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, and one-way repeated measures ANOVA.

This research findings revealed that the mean of participants’ cognitive scores after receiving the program was significantly higher than before receiving the program (p<.05). The mean cognitive scores of participants before implementing the program were 27 (gif.latex?\bar{x} = 27, S.D = 2.89). Besides, the mean of participants’ cognitive scores after finishing the program on that day and two months later were 29 (gif.latex?\bar{x} = 29, S.D = 1.18) and 27 (gif.latex?\bar{x} = 27.30, S.D = 2.37), respectively. The program can be utilized in daily living activities for older adults to enhance their cognitive function and prevent dementia.

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Published

04-05-2022

How to Cite

1.
Jindachart จ, Soboon เ, Palakai ร, Kaveenuntachai ด. The Effectiveness of an Older Adult Potential Development Program with Montessori-Based on Promoting Cognition Prevention of Dementia, Ubon Ratchathani Province. J Royal Thai Army Nurses [Internet]. 2022 May 4 [cited 2022 Jun. 29];23(1):502-10. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/JRTAN/article/view/252758

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Section

Research Articles