The Effectiveness of Using an Estimated Fetal Weight Measuring Tape Innovation with a Nutrition Promotion Program on Weight Gain during Pregnancy and Birth Weight of Pregnant Women with Low Pre-Pregnancy Body Mass Index
Keywords:Estimated fetal weight measuring tape innovation, nutrition promotion program, weight gain during pregnancy, birth weight, low pre-pregnancy body mass index
The objective of this quasi-experimental research design was to investigate the effectiveness of using the estimated fetal weight measuring tape innovation with the nutrition promotion program on weight gain during pregnancy and birth weight of pregnant women with low pre-pregnancy body mass index. The samples were 60 pregnant women with low pre-pregnancy body mass index. They were divided equally into the experimental group and the control group: 30 people in each group. The instruments consisted of 1) the estimated fetal weight measuring tape innovation, 2) the nutrition promotion program for pregnant women with low pre-pregnancy body mass index, 3) the general information questionnaire and the pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum data record form; and 4) the food consumption behavior assessment. Data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, paired sample t-test and independent t-test.
The results showed that after the experiment, the mean food consumption behavior of the experimental group was higher than that of the control group with statistical significance at the .05 level (t = 12.68, p = 0.000). The mean weight gain during pregnancy and the mean birth weight of the experimental group were higher than those of the control group with statistical significance at the .05 level (t = 3.124 and t = 3.145). According to the findings, it is suggested that the antenatal care units and relevant agencies should be encouraged to use the estimated fetal weight measuring tape innovation with the nutrition promotion program in providing care for pregnant women with low BMI in order to weight gain during pregnancy and enable babies to have standardized birth weight.
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