Comparison of Hands Muscles Exercise Using Soft Ball, Play Dough, and Sponge on Grip Strength in Older Persons with Hands Muscle Weakness


  • Wuttipong Cheumnok Boromarajonani College of Nursing Nakhon Phanom, Nakhon Phanom University
  • Napatip Tungtrijuk Boromarajonani College of Nursing Nakhon Phanom, Nakhon Phanom University
  • Khunphitha Junsevg Boromarajonani College of Nursing Nakhon Phanom, Nakhon Phanom University
  • Chadamas Phoomphit Boromarajonani College of Nursing Nakhon Phanom, Nakhon Phanom University


hand muscle exercise, soft ball squeezing, Grip strength in older persons, play dough and sponge squeezing


This was a quasi-experimental study. The objective was to compare the grip strength of older persons after doing hand muscle exercise using a soft ball, play dough and a sponge in Nakhon Phanom Province from September to November 2020. A total of 63 elder persons were selected by a purposive sampling method. The inclusion criteria were as follows. The male elderly must have the grip strength of < 0.44 kg / weight, and the female elderly must have the grip strength of < .32 kg / weight. The older persons were divided into three groups: the group using a soft ball, the group using play dough and the group using a spongeThe older persons had to do these interventions for 4 weeks. The grip strength before and after exercise was measured by a hand grip dynamometer. the differences of the grip strength before and after exercise within the group and between the group were compared by paired t-test and Anova, respectively.

The results of the research showed that the mean grip strength of both hands of the elderly after exercising using a soft ball, paly dough and a sponge was increased with statistical significance, except for the mean right-handed grip strength that used play dough, which found no difference. Also, when comparing the grip strength of both hands among the groups using a soft ball, play dough and a sponge, it was found that there were no differences. It can be concluded that all three types of exercise can help increase the grip strength, but it is needed to be done regularly. It can be an alternative to recover the grip strength in other older persons.


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How to Cite

Cheumnok ว, Tungtrijuk น, Junsevg ก, Phoomphit ช. Comparison of Hands Muscles Exercise Using Soft Ball, Play Dough, and Sponge on Grip Strength in Older Persons with Hands Muscle Weakness. J Royal Thai Army Nurses [Internet]. 2022 May 4 [cited 2022 Jun. 29];23(1):463-72. Available from:



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