The Effect of a Reminiscence Program on The Resilience Among Older Adults with Depression
Keywords:instrumental, reminiscence, resilience, older adults, depression
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an instrumental reminiscence program on the resilience among older adults with depression. A quasi-experimental pretest-posttest control group design was used. Simple random sampling was used to recruit 60 older adults with depression from two sub-district health promoting hospitals. One sample was assigned to the experimental group whereas the other was assigned to the control group. The instrumental reminiscence program was developed by focusing on past experience recall and using problem-focused coping strategies. The program included six sessions, 60 minutes each, twice a week, and the program was validated and revisions were made concerning content validity by 3 professional experts. Data collection included a demographic data record and the resilience questionnaire. The reliability of the resilience questionnaire was Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of .89. Data analysis used descriptive statistics and t-test.
The findings revealed the following: 1) the mean resilience score among the older adults with depression after participating in the instrumental resilience program (M = 90.90, SD = 6.42) was statistically significantly higher than the mean resilience score before participating in the instrumental resilience program (M = 61.23, SD = 6.41), (t = 9.12, p<.001). 2) There was a higher statistically significant difference in the mean difference between the pretest and posttest resilience score of the experimental group ( = 29.66, SD = 8.90) than the control group ( = 9.70, SD = 10.73), (t = 7.3, p<.001).
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